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|Title:||Regulation of bone cells by particle-activated mononuclear phagocytes|
|Citation:||Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 1997; 79B(6):988-994|
|Publisher:||BRITISH EDITORIAL SOC BONE JOINT SURGERY|
|Abstract:||Bone loss around replacement prostheses may be related to the activation of mononuclear phagocytes (MNP) by prosthetic wear particles. We investigated how osteoblast-like cells were regulated by human MNP stimulated by particles of prosthetic material. Particles of titanium-6-aluminium-4-vanadium (TiAIV) stimulated MNP to release interleukin (IL)-1beta, tumour necrosis factor (TNF)alpha, IL-6 and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). All these mediators are implicated in regulating bone metabolism. Particle-activated MNP inhibited bone cell proliferation and stimulated release of IL-6 and PGE2. The number of cells expressing alkaline phosphatase, a marker associated with mature osteoblastic cells, was reduced. Experiments with blocking antibodies showed that TNFalpha was responsible for the reduction in proliferation and the numbers of cells expressing alkaline phosphatase. By contrast, IL-1beta stimulated cell proliferation and differentiation. Both IL-1beta and TNFalpha stimulated IL-6 and PGE2 release from the osteoblast-like cells. Our results suggest that, particle-activated mononuclear phagocytes can induce a change in the balance between bone formation and resorption by a number of mechanisms.|
|Keywords:||Bone and Bones; Cells, Cultured; Osteoblasts; Phagocytes; Humans; Bone Resorption; Titanium; Alloys; Alkaline Phosphatase; Dinoprostone; Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; Interleukin-1; Interleukin-6; Antibodies, Monoclonal; Culture Media, Conditioned; Prostheses and Implants; Cell Communication; Cell Division; Cell Differentiation; Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic; Osteogenesis|
|Rights:||© 1997 British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery|
|Appears in Collections:||Orthopaedics and Trauma publications|
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