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Type: Journal article
Title: Confined aquifers as viral reservoirs
Author: Smith, R.
Jeffries, T.
Roudnew, B.
Seymour, J.
Fitch, A.
Simons, K.
Speck, P.
Newton, K.
Brown, M.
Mitchell, J.
Citation: Environmental Microbiology Reports, 2013; 5(5):725-730
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 1758-2229
Statement of
Renee J. Smith, Thomas C. Jeffries, Ben Roudnew, Justin R. Seymour, Alison J. Fitch, Keryn L. Simons, Peter G. Speck, Kelly Newton, Melissa H. Brown, and James G. Mitchell
Abstract: Knowledge about viral diversity and abundance in deep groundwater reserves is limited. We found that the viral community inhabiting a deep confined aquifer in South Australia was more similar to reclaimed water communities than to the viral communities in the overlying unconfined aquifer community. This similarity was driven by high relative occurrence of the single-stranded DNA viral groups Circoviridae, Geminiviridae and Microviridae, which include many known plant and animal pathogens. These groups were present in a 1500-year-old water situated 80 m below the surface, which suggests the potential for long-term survival and spread of potentially pathogenic viruses in deep, confined groundwater. Obtaining a broader understanding of potentially pathogenic viral communities within aquifers is particularly important given the ability of viruses to spread within groundwater ecosystems.
Keywords: Viruses; Ecosystem; Biodiversity; Disease Reservoirs; Phylogeny; Molecular Sequence Data; Groundwater
Rights: © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd and Society for Applied Microbiology
RMID: 0030009073
DOI: 10.1111/1758-2229.12072
Appears in Collections:Molecular and Biomedical Science publications

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