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Type: Journal article
Title: Stress triggering and the Canterbury earthquake sequence
Author: Steacy, S.
Jimenez, A.
Holden, C.
Citation: Geophysical Journal International, 2014; 196(1):473-480
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 0956-540X
Statement of
Sandy Steacy, Abigail Jimenez and Caroline Holden
Abstract: The Canterbury earthquake sequence, which includes the devastating Christchurch event of 2011 February, has to date led to losses of around 40 billion NZ dollars. The location and severity of the earthquakes was a surprise to most inhabitants as the seismic hazard model was dominated by an expected Mw > 8 earthquake on the Alpine fault and an Mw 7.5 earthquake on the Porters Pass fault, 150 and 80km to the west of Christchurch. The sequence to date has included an Mw = 7.1 earthquake and 3 Mw >/= 5.9 events which migrated from west to east. Here we investigate whether the later events are consistent with stress triggering and whether a simple stress map produced shortly after the first earthquake would have accurately indicated the regions where the subsequent activity occurred. We find that 100 percent of M > 5.5 earthquakes occurred in positive stress areas computed using a slip model for the first event that was available within 10 d of its occurrence. We further find that the stress changes at the starting points of major slip patches of post-Darfield main events are consistent with triggering although this is not always true at the hypocentral locations. Our results suggest that Coulomb stress changes contributed to the evolution of the Canterbury sequence and we note additional areas of increased stress in the Christchurch region and on the Porters Pass fault.
Keywords: Earthquake dynamics; Earthquake interaction; forecasting, and prediction; Seismicity and tectonics
Rights: © The Authors 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society
DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggt380
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Physics publications

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