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Type: Journal article
Title: Mutational analysis of the major periplasmic loops of Shigella flexneri Wzy; identification of the residues affecting O antigen modal chain length control, and Wzz dependent polymerisation activity
Author: Nath, P.
Morona, R.
Citation: Microbiology, 2015; 161(4):774-785
Publisher: Microbiology Society
Issue Date: 2015
ISSN: 1350-0872
Statement of
Pratiti Nath and Renato Morona
Abstract: The O antigen (Oag) component of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a major S. flexneri virulence determinant. Oag is polymerised by WzySf, and its modal chain length is determined by WzzSf and WzzpHS2. Site-directed mutagenesis was performed on wzySf in pWaldo-wzySf-TEV-GFP to alter Arg residues in WzySf's two large periplasmic loops (PL) (PL3 and PL5). Analysis of the LPS profiles conferred by mutated WzySf proteins in the wzySf deficient (Δwzy) strain identified residues that affect WzySf activity. The importance of the guanidium group of the Arg residues was investigated by altering the Arg residues to Lys and Glu, which generated WzySf mutants conferring altered LPS Oag modal chain lengths. The dependence of these WzySf mutants on WzzSf was investigated by expressing them in a wzySf and wzzSf deficient (Δwzy Δwzz) strain. Comparison of the LPS profiles identified a role for the Arg residues in the association of WzySf and WzzSf during Oag polymerisation. Colicin E2 and bacteriophage Sf6c susceptibility supported this conclusion. Comparison of the expression levels of different mutant WzySf-GFP proteins with the wild type (WT) WzySf-GFP showed that certain Arg residues affected production levels of WzySf in a WzzSf dependent manner. To our knowledge, this is the first report of S. flexneri WzySf mutants having an effect on LPS Oag modal chain length, and identified functionally significant Arg residues in WzySf.
Keywords: Shigella flexneri; Bacteriophages; Lipopolysaccharides; O Antigens; Bacterial Proteins; Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial; Phenotype; Mutation; Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs; Protein Multimerization
Description: Published Online: 01/04/2015
Rights: © 2015 The Authors
RMID: 0030021947
DOI: 10.1099/mic.0.000042
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Appears in Collections:Molecular and Biomedical Science publications

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