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Type: Thesis
Title: Trace and minor elements in sphalerite: an assessment of distributions in metamorphosed deposits
Author: Lockington, J. A. K.
Issue Date: 2012
School/Discipline: School of Earth and Environmental Sciences
Abstract: Sphalerite is a common sulphide mineral and occurs in ore deposits of various types. It is the major ore mineral in the majority of Zn-Pb sulphide deposits. The emergence of precise, high-resolution microanalytical methods, such as Laser-Ablation Inductively-Coupled-Plasma Mass-Spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) has allowed for greater precision in the analysis of the minor and trace elemental characteristics of sulphides, including sphalerite. These methods have evolved to become valuable petrogenetic tools over the past decade. In this study Laser-Ablation Inductively-Coupled-Plasma Mass-Spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) has been used to analyse 19 sulphide samples from metamorphosed sphalerite-bearing deposits in Norway and Australia. The distributions of Mn, Fe, Co, Cu, Ga, Se, Ag, Cd, In, Sn, Sb, Hg, Tl, Pb and Bi have been investigated with particular attention to how concentrations of these elements vary with metamorphic grade and the extend of sulphide recrystallisation and syn-metamorphic deformation. The study has also attempted to address any possible correlations among the different elements. The results were found to indicate that trace elements which are believed to exist as micro- to nano-scale inclusions in sphalerite (such as Cu, Pb and Bi) are reduced in abundance with increasing metamorphic grade. This is due to recrystallisation resulting in these small scale inclusions being removed from the sphalerite and remobilised to form discrete minerals elsewhere. The distributions of lattice-bound elements (Mn, Fe, Cd, In, Hg) show few trends, suggesting that source and physico-chemical conditions of primary crystallisation are dominant in defining the concentrations of these elements. A moderately strong positive correlation between copper and indium concentrations was also identified, confirming previously published data
Dissertation Note: Thesis (B.Sc.(Hons)) -- University of Adelaide, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 2012
Where: Norway, Australia
Keywords: Honours; Geology; sphalerite; metamorphism; trace elements; mass spectrometry; laser ablation
Description: This item is only available electronically.
Provenance: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the author of this thesis and do not wish it to be made publicly available, or you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at:
Appears in Collections:School of Physical Sciences

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