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Type: Journal article
Title: Demographic and lifestyle characteristics associated with nonwillingness to participate in health promotion programmes among adults of a lower socioeconomic status in Singapore
Author: Wei Ling Ng, C.
Heng, B.
Molina, J.
Wong, L.
George, P.
Cheah, J.
Citation: Global Health Promotion, 2012; 19(4):9-19
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 1757-9759
Statement of
Charis Wei Ling Ng, Bee Hoon Heng, Joseph Antonio Molina, Lai Yin Wong, Pradeep Paul George, and Jason Cheah
Abstract: INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVE: Lower socioeconomic groups have been found to have poorer health outcomes and engage in fewer health promoting behaviours. Understanding the reasons behind adverse lifestyle habits and non-willingness to participate in health promotion programmes among lower socioeconomic groups will enable administrators to modify the programmes and increase participation in this population. This study aimed to determine reasons for non-exercise, smoking and non-willingness to participate, and characteristics associated with non-willingness to participate in health promotion programmes among residents in Singapore. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on a purposive sample of residents living in four housing developments of one- and two-room households in Singapore from June to October 2009. The patterns of exercise and smoking, receptiveness towards health promotion programmes and the reasons for non-willingness to participate were elicited. Chi-square tests and logistic regression analysis were performed to identify differences between groups. RESULTS: Seven hundred and seventy-eight responses were analysed. Only 36.1% of respondents were willing to participate in at least one health promotion programme (health screening, talk or workshop). Older respondents aged 45-64 years and more than 65 years were less likely to participate than their younger counterparts (18-44 years). Malays were more likely than Chinese to participate, and respondents who do not exercise were less likely to participate than respondents who exercise (regularly/occasionally). Reasons for non-willingness to participate were 'not interested' and 'no time'. CONCLUSION: Health promotion messages should adapt to the needs and situation of the disadvantaged, to increase participation.
Keywords: health promotion
health behaviour
socioeconomic status
Rights: © The Author(s) 2012
DOI: 10.1177/1757975912453184
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