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Type: Journal article
Title: Effectiveness of general practice-based health checks: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Author: Si, S.
Moss, J.
Sullivan, T.
Newton, S.
Stocks, N.
Citation: British Journal of General Practice, 2014; 64(618):e47-e53
Publisher: Royal College of General Practitioners
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 0960-1643
Statement of
S Si, J R Moss, TR Sullivan, SS Newton
Abstract: BACKGROUND: A recent review concluded that general health checks fail to reduce mortality in adults. AIM: This review focuses on general practice-based health checks and their effects on both surrogate and final outcomes. DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic search of PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. METHOD: Relevant data were extracted from randomised trials comparing the health outcomes of general practice-based health checks versus usual care in middle-aged populations. RESULTS: Six trials were included. The end-point differences between the intervention and control arms in total cholesterol (TC), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP, DBP), and body mass index (BMI) were -0.13 mmol/l (95% confidence interval [CI] = -0.19 to -0.07), -3.65 mmHg (95% CI = -6.50 to -0.81), -1.79 mmHg (95% CI = -2.93 to -0.64), and -0.45 kg/m(2) (95% CI = -0.66 to -0.24), respectively. The odds of a patient remaining at 'high risk' with elevated TC, SBP, DBP, BMI or continuing smoking were 0.63 (95% CI = 0.50 to 0.79), 0.59 (95% CI = 0.28 to 1.23), 0.63 (95% CI = 0.53 to 0.74), 0.89 (95% CI = 0.81 to 0.98), and 0.91 (95% CI = 0.82 to 1.02), respectively. There was little evidence of a difference in total mortality (OR 1.03, 95% CI = 0.90 to 1.18). Higher CVD mortality was observed in the intervention group (OR 1.30, 95% CI = 1.02 to 1.66). CONCLUSION: General practice-based health checks are associated with statistically significant, albeit clinically small, improvements in surrogate outcome control, especially among high-risk patients. Most studies were not originally designed to assess mortality.
Keywords: Humans
Body Mass Index
Cluster Analysis
Risk Assessment
Middle Aged
Health Promotion
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
General Practice
Rights: ┬ęBritish Journal of General Practice
DOI: 10.3399/bjgp14X676456
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