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Type: Journal article
Title: Differences of oral health conditions between adults and older adults: a census in a Southern Brazilian city
Author: Boscato, N.
Schuch, H.
Grasel, C.
Goettems, M.
Citation: Geriatrics & Gerontology International, 2016; 16(9):1014-1020
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 1444-1586
Statement of
Noeli Boscato, Helena S Schuch, Claudia E Grasel and Marilia L Goettems
Abstract: AIM: To assess differences in the oral diseases/conditions between adults and older adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out with all adults and older adults in Luzerna, South Brazil (n = 569). Clinical data included use of and need for dental prostheses; number of decayed, missing and filled teeth; and temporomandibular disorder. Differences between adults and older adults were evaluated using χ(2) -tests. Associations between independent variables and the use of and need for dental prostheses were determined using Poisson regression analyses (P < 0.05). RESULTS: Increased number of decayed, missing and filled teeth, use of and need for dental prostheses, higher use of complete dentures, and fewer temporomandibular disorder signs and symptoms were observed in older adults. After adjustments, lower social class (P = 0.001) and unmarried status (P = 0.05) were associated with greater need for prosthetic rehabilitation. Women (P = 0.02), older individuals (P < 0.001) and those of lower socioeconomic status (P = 0.001) had a higher risk of using prostheses. CONCLUSION: A significant difference of oral conditions between adults and older adults was observed. The frequency of use of and need for dental prostheses was higher for older adults, although they had reported lower frequency of temporomandibular disorder. Women, married and individuals of higher socioeconomic status showed better oral health conditions.
Keywords: adult; census; cross-sectional study; elderly; temporomandibular disorder
Description: Article first published online: 27 AUG 2015
Rights: © 2015 Japan Geriatrics Society
RMID: 0030035066
DOI: 10.1111/ggi.12588
Appears in Collections:Dentistry publications

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