Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/2440/99334
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Type: Journal article
Title: A two-magma chamber model as a source of deformation at Grímsvötn Volcano, Iceland
Other Titles: A two-magma chamber model as a source of deformation at Grimsvotn Volcano, Iceland
Author: Reverso, T.
Vandemeulebrouck, J.
Jouanne, F.
Pinel, V.
Villemin, T.
Sturkell, E.
Bascou, P.
Citation: Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth, 2014; 119(6):4666-4683
Publisher: American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 2169-9356
2169-9356
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Responsibility: 
Thomas Reverso, Jean Vandemeulebrouck, François Jouanne, Virginie Pinel, Thierry Villemin, Erik Sturkell and Pascale Bascou
Abstract: Grímsvötn Volcano is the most active volcano in Iceland, and its last three eruptions were in 1998, 2004, and 2011. Here we analyze the displacement around Grímsvötn during these last three eruptive cycles using 10 GPS stations. The observed displacements in this region generally contain a linear component of tectonic and glacio-isostatic origin, in agreement with the previously estimated values of plate motions and vertical rebound. Larger amplitude deformation observed close to Grímsvötn at the GFUM continuous GPS station clearly reflects a major volcanic contribution superimposed on a tectonic component. We estimate and subtract the tectonic trend at this station using regional observed displacement. The direction and pattern of the residual volcanic displacement (for coeruptive and intereruptive periods) are consistent for all three of these eruptive cycles. The posteruptive inflation is characterized by an exponential trend, followed by a linear trend. In this study, we explain this temporal behavior using a new analytic model that has two connected magma chambers surrounded by an elastic medium and fed by a constant basal magma inflow. During the early posteruptive phase, pressure readjustment occurs between the two reservoirs, with replenishment of the shallow chamber from the deep chamber. Afterward, due to the constant inflow of magma into the deep reservoir, the pressurization of the system produces linear uplift. A large deep reservoir favors magma storage rather than surface emission. Based on displacement measured at GFUM station, we estimate an upper limit for the radius of the deep reservoir of ∼10 km.
Rights: © 2014. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
DOI: 10.1002/2013JB010569
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 7
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