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Type: Journal article
Title: Renal disease in the Australian Aboriginal population: a pathological study
Author: Moore, L.
Lloyd, M.S.
Pugsley, D.J.
Seymour, A.E.
Citation: Nephrology, 1996; 2(5):315-321
Publisher: Blackwell Science
Issue Date: 1996
ISSN: 1320-5358
Statement of
Lynette Moore, Megan S. Lloyd, David J. Pugsley and Anthony E. Seymour
Abstract: End-stage renal failure and clinical evidence of renal disease are more frequent in Australian Aboriginals than in the non-Aboriginal Australian population. To investigate the lesions responsible for this excess a systematic study of renal biopsy findings in a series of Aboriginal patients in South Australia and the Northern Territory was performed and the data on these patients were compared with a consecutive series of renal biopsy findings in nowAboriginal patients. Histological and morphometric comparison was made between biopsies from 206 Aboriginal and 690 non-Aboriginal patients. The distribution of glomerular lesions was found to differ significantly between the Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal groups: diabetic glomerulosclerosis, idiopathic glomerular enlargement (glomerulomegaly), mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis (MCGN), and non-IgA mesangiopathic glomerulonephritis (GN) were found more frequently in the Aboriginal population, whereas there were fewer than expected examples of thin membrane nephropathy, minimal change disease and membranous GN. Diabetic glomerulosclerosis was significantly more frequent, and the lesions more severe, in Central Australia (where diabetes is more prevalent) and glomerulomegaly was especially common in Bathurst Island. These two conditions accounted for one third of the series and evidence is presented to suggest that a substantial proportion of renal disease in Aboriginals may be the consequence of conversion to a Western life style. Of the 206 Aboriginal patients, 23 presented with chronic renal failure, suggesting either late presentation or unusually aggressive renal lesions, and 10 had end-stage renal disease on biopsy.
Keywords: Australian Aboriginals; diabetic glomerulosclerosis; glomerulomegaly; glomerulonephritis; IgA; mesangiocapillary; minimal change disease; thin membrane nephropathy
Rights: Copyright status unknown
DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.1996.tb00107.x
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