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|Title:||A Cooper Basin simulation study of flow-back after hydraulic fracturing in tight gas wells|
Mohamed Ali Sahib, F.
|Citation:||The APPEA Journal, 2016; 56:369-392|
|S. Sarkar, M. Haghighi, M. Sayyafzadeh, D. Cooke, K. Pokalai and F. Mohamed Ali Sahib|
|Abstract:||After fluid injection (slickwater) during hydraulic fracturing, the flow-back of fracture fluid is necessary before gas production starts. A review of fracture treatments indicates that the incomplete return of treating fluids is a reason for the failure of hydraulic fracturing and is associated with poor gas production. The aim of this study is to investigate the parameters that limit flow-back in low permeability gas wells in the Cooper Basin. The authors used numerical simulation to find the critical controlling parameters to introduce the best practice for maximising the flow-back in the Cooper Basin. Several 3D and multiphase flow simulation models were constructed for three wells in the Patchawarra Formation during fracture fluid injection, soaking time and during flow-back. All models were validated using history matching with the production data. The results show that the drainage pattern is distinctly different in the following directions: vertically upward, vertically downward, and horizontal along the fracture half-length and along the matrix. The lowest recovery is observed during the upward vertical displacements due to poor sweep efficiency. Furthermore, it is observed that drawdown does not influence the recovery significantly for upward displacements. Surface tension reduction, however, can improve sweep efficiency and improve recovery considerably. Also, the wettability of the rocks has a significant impact on ultimate recovery when the effect of gravity is dominant. The authors conclude that a significant amount of injected fluid is trapped in the formation because of poor sweep efficiency and formation of gas fingers, which results from low mobility ratio and gravity segregation.|
|Keywords:||Tight gas reservoirs; flow-back; numerical modelling|
|Rights:||Copyright Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) and third parties|
|Appears in Collections:||Australian School of Petroleum publications|
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