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Type: Journal article
Title: Clinical and biochemical factors associated with preeclampsia in women with obesity
Author: Vieira, M.
Poston, L.
Fyfe, E.
Gillett, A.
Kenny, L.
Roberts, C.
Baker, P.
Myers, J.
Walker, J.
Mccowan, L.
North, R.
Pasupathy, D.
Citation: Obesity, 2017; 25(2):460-467
Publisher: WILEY
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 1930-7381
Statement of
Matias C. Vieira, Lucilla Poston, Elaine Fyfe, Alexandra Gillett, Louise C. Kenny, Claire T. Roberts, Philip N. Baker, Jenny E. Myers, James J. Walker, Lesley M. McCowan, Robyn A. North, and Dharmintra Pasupathy on behalf of the SCOPE Consortium
Abstract: To compare early pregnancy clinical and biomarker risk factors for later development of preeclampsia between women with obesity (body mass index, BMI ≥30 kg/m²) and those with a normal BMI (20–25 kg/m²). Methods In 3,940 eligible nulliparous women from the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) study, a total of 53 biomarkers of glucose and lipid metabolism, placental function, and known markers of preeclampsia were measured at 14 to 16 weeks' gestation. Logistic regression was performed to identify clinical and biomarker risk factors for preeclampsia in women with and without obesity. Results Among 834 women with obesity and 3,106 with a normal BMI, 77 (9.2%) and 105 (3.4%) developed preeclampsia, respectively. In women with obesity, risk factors included a family history of thrombotic disease, low plasma placental growth factor, and higher uterine artery resistance index at 20 weeks. In women with a normal BMI, a family history of preeclampsia or gestational hypertension, mean arterial blood pressure, plasma endoglin and cystatin C, and uterine artery resistance index were associated with preeclampsia, while high fruit intake was protective. Conclusions Women with obesity and a normal BMI have different early pregnancy clinical and biomarker risk factors for preeclampsia.
Keywords: SCOPE Consortium
Pregnancy Proteins
Risk Factors
Gestational Age
Vascular Resistance
Uterine Artery
Placenta Growth Factor
Rights: © 2016 The Obesity Society
DOI: 10.1002/oby.21715
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