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Type: Journal article
Title: A randomised controlled trial on the effect of nurse-led educational intervention at the time of catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation on quality of life, symptom severity and rehospitalisation
Author: Bowyer, J.
Tully, P.
Ganesan, A.
Chahadi, F.
Singleton, C.
McGavigan, A.
Citation: Heart Lung and Circulation, 2017; 26(1):73-81
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 1443-9506
Statement of
John L. Bowyer, Phillip J. Tully, Anand N. Ganesan, Fahd K. Chahadi, Cameron B. Singleton, Andrew D. McGavigan
Abstract: Background: Atrial Fibrillation (AF) is a common condition associated with impaired quality of life (QOL) and recurrent hospitalisation. Catheter ablation for AF is a well-established treatment for symptomatic patients despite medical therapy. We sought to examine the effect of point specific nurse-led education on QOL, AF symptomatology and readmission rate post AF ablation. Methods: Forty-one patients undergoing AF ablation were randomised to Nurse Intervention (NI) versus Control (C), n=22 vs. 19. Both groups were well matched with respect to age, sex and AF subtype. All patients completed SF36 and AF Symptom Checklist, Frequency and Severity Scale questionnaires at baseline and six months post ablation. The NI group underwent nurse education on admission, prior to discharge, and with telephone contact. Results: Baseline SF-36 and AF Symptom Checklist, Frequency and Severity scores were similar. The NI group showed significant differences compared to Control with respect to higher QOL on the SF-36 score of Physical Functioning and Vitality at six months. There were significant improvements in seven components of the AF Symptom Checklist, Frequency and Severity at six months in the NI group with a trend in a further seven. There was no difference in AF related hospital readmissions at six months between C and NI groups (10.5% vs. 13.6%, p=ns). Conclusion: Nurse-led education at time of AF ablation is associated with improved QOL and reduced symptom frequency and severity compared to usual care.
Keywords: Ablation; Catheter Ablation; Trials
Rights: © 2016 Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons (ANZSCTS) and the Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand (CSANZ). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
RMID: 0030051329
DOI: 10.1016/j.hlc.2016.04.024
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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