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|Title:||Mucolytics for bronchiectasis|
|Citation:||Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2014; 2014(5):CD001289-1-CD001289-37|
|Publisher:||John Wiley & Sons|
|Mark Wilkinson, Karnam Sugumar, Stephen J Milan, Anna Hart, Alan Crockett, Iain Crossingham|
|Abstract:||Background Bronchiectasis is predominantly an acquired disease process that represents the end stage of a variety of unrelated pulmonary insults. It is defined as persistent irreversible dilatation and distortion of medium-sized bronchi. It has been suggested that with widespread use of high-resolution computed tomography, more bronchiectasis diagnoses are being made. Patients diagnosed with bronchiectasis frequently have difficulty expectorating sputum. Sputum therefore is retained in the lungs and may become infected, leading to further lung damage. Mucolytic agents target hypersecretion or changed physiochemical properties of sputum to make it easier to clear. One drug, recombinant human DNase, breaks down the DNA that is released at the site of infection by neutrophils. Mucus clearance along with antimicrobial therapy remains an integral part of bronchiectasis management. Chest physiotherapy along with mucolytic agents is commonly used in practice without clear supportive evidence. Objectives To determine whether ingested or inhaled mucolytics are effective in the treatment of patients with bronchiectasis. Search methods We searched the Cochrane Airways Group Specialised Register and reference lists of relevant articles.We contacted experts in the field and drug companies. Searches were current as of June 2013. Selection criteria Randomised trials of mucolytic treatment in people with bronchiectasis but not cystic fibrosis. Data collection and analysis Data extraction was performed independently by two review authors. Study authors were contacted for confirmation. Main results Four trials (with a combined total of 528 adult participants) were included, but almost none of the data from these studies could be aggregated in a meta-analysis.|
|Keywords:||Bronchiectasis; Bromhexine; Thioglycolates; Thiophenes; Deoxyribonucleases; Recombinant Proteins; Expectorants; Anti-Bacterial Agents; Drug Therapy, Combination; Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic|
|Description:||Version 2. version 1 - Article first published online: 22 Jan 2001|
|Rights:||Copyright © 2014 The Cochrane Collaboration.|
|Appears in Collections:||Medicine publications|
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