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|Title:||The genetic history of Peruvian Quechua-Lamistas and Chankas: uniparental DNA Patterns among autochthonous Amazonian and Andean populations|
|Citation:||Annals of Human Genetics, 2016; 80(2):88-101|
|Publisher:||John Wiley & Sons|
|José R. Sandoval, Daniela R. Lacerda, Oscar Acosta, Marilza S. Jota, Paulo Robles-Ruiz, Alberto Salazar-Granara, Pedro Paulo R. Vieira, César Paz-y-Miño, Ricardo Fujita, Fabricio R. Santos and The Genographic Project Consortium|
|Abstract:||This study focuses on the genetic history of the Quechua-Lamistas, inhabitants of the Lamas Province in the San Martin Department, Peru, who speak their own distinct variety of the Quechua family of languages. It has been suggested that different pre-Columbian ethnic groups from the Peruvian Amazonia, like the Motilones or "shaven heads", assimilated the Quechua language and then formed the current native population of Lamas. However, many Quechua-Lamistas claim to be direct descendants of the Chankas, a famous pre-Columbian indigenous group that escaped from Inca rule in the Andes. To investigate the Quechua-Lamistas and Chankas' ancestries, we compared uniparental genetic profiles (17 STRs of Q-M3 Y-chromosome and mtDNA complete control region haplotypes) among autochthonous Amazonian and Andean populations from Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador. The phylogeographic and population genetic analyses indicate a fairly heterogeneous ancestry for the Quechua-Lamistas, while they are closely related to their neighbours who speak Amazonian languages, presenting no direct relationships with populations from the region where the ancient Chankas lived. On the other hand, the genetic profiles of self-identified Chanka descendants living in Andahuaylas (located in the Apurimac Department, Peru, in the Central Andes) were closely related to those living in Huancavelica and the assumed Chanka Confederation area before the Inca expansion.|
|Keywords:||Quechua-Lamistas; Chankas; Y-SNPs; Y-STRs; mtDNA; Amazonia; Andes; indigenous South Americans; human history|
|Rights:||© 2015 The Authors. Annals of Human Genetics published by University College London (UCL) and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.|
|Appears in Collections:||Genetics publications|
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