Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/108220
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Type: Journal article
Title: Ancient mitochondrial DNA provides high-resolution time scale of the peopling of the Americas
Author: Llamas, B.
Fehren-Schmitz, L.
Valverde, G.
Soubrier, J.
Mallick, S.
Rohland, N.
Nordenfelt, S.
Valdiosera, C.
Richards, S.
Rohrlach, A.
Romero, M.
Espinoza, I.
Cagigao, E.
Jiménez, L.
Makowski, K.
Reyna, I.
Lory, J.
Torrez, J.
Rivera, M.
Burger, R.
et al.
Citation: Science Advances, 2016; 2(4):e1501385-1-e1501385-10
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 2375-2548
2375-2548
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Bastien Llamas, Lars Fehren-Schmitz, Guido Valverde, Julien Soubrier, Swapan Mallick, Nadin Rohland, Susanne Nordenfelt, Cristina Valdiosera, Stephen M. Richards, Adam Rohrlach, Maria Inés Barreto Romero, Isabel Flores Espinoza, Elsa Tomasto Cagigao, Lucía Watson Jiménez, Krzysztof Makowski, Ilán Santiago Leboreiro Reyna, Josefina Mansilla Lory, Julio Alejandro Ballivián Torrez, Mario A. Rivera, Richard L. Burger, Maria Constanza Ceruti, Johan Reinhard, R. Spencer Wells, Gustavo Politis, Calogero M. Santoro, Vivien G. Standen, Colin Smith, David Reich, Simon Y. W. Ho, Alan Cooper and Wolfgang Haak
Abstract: The exact timing, route, and process of the initial peopling of the Americas remains uncertain despite much research. Archaeological evidence indicates the presence of humans as far as southern Chile by 14.6 thousand years ago (ka), shortly after the Pleistocene ice sheets blocking access from eastern Beringia began to retreat. Genetic estimates of the timing and route of entry have been constrained by the lack of suitable calibration points and low genetic diversity of Native Americans. We sequenced 92 whole mitochondrial genomes from pre-Columbian South American skeletons dating from 8.6 to 0.5 ka, allowing a detailed, temporally calibrated reconstruction of the peopling of the Americas in a Bayesian coalescent analysis. The data suggest that a small population entered the Americas via a coastal route around 16.0 ka, following previous isolation in eastern Beringia for ~2.4 to 9 thousand years after separation from eastern Siberian populations. Following a rapid movement throughout the Americas, limited gene flow in South America resulted in a marked phylogeographic structure of populations, which persisted through time. All of the ancient mitochondrial lineages detected in this study were absent from modern data sets, suggesting a high extinction rate. To investigate this further, we applied a novel principal components multiple logistic regression test to Bayesian serial coalescent simulations. The analysis supported a scenario in which European colonization caused a substantial loss of pre-Columbian lineages.
Keywords: Ancient DNA
Rights: 2016 © The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 4.0 (CC BY-NC). 10.1126/sciadv.1501385
RMID: 0030046432
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1501385
Grant ID: http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP1095782
http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/DP130102158
Appears in Collections:Genetics publications

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