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Type: Journal article
Title: Granulite formation in a Gondwana fragment: petrology and mineral equilibrium modeling of incipient charnockite from Mavadi, southern India
Author: Endo, T.
Tsunogae, T.
Santosh, M.
Shimizu, H.
Shaji, E.
Citation: Mineralogy and Petrology, 2013; 107(5):727-738
Publisher: Springer
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 0930-0708
Statement of
Takahiro Endo, Toshiaki Tsunogae, M. Santosh, Hisako Shimizu, E. Shaji
Abstract: We report a new occurrence of incipient charnockite from Mavadi in the Trivandrum Granulite Block (TGB), southern India, and discuss the petrogenesis of granulite formation in an arrested stage on the basis of petrography, geothermobarometry, and mineral equilibrium modeling. In Mavadi, patches and lenses of charnockite (Kfs+Qtz+Pl+Bt+Grt+Opx+Ilm+Mag) of about 30 to 220 cm in length occur within Opx-free Grt-Bt gneiss (Kfs +Qtz+Pl+Bt+Grt+Ilm). The application of mineral equilibrium modeling on the charnockite assemblage in the NCKFMASHTO system to constrain the conditions of charnockitization defines a P–T range of 800 °C at 4.5 kbar to 850 °C at 8.5 kbar, which is broadly consistent with the results from the conventional geothermobarometry (810– 880 °C at 7.7–8.0 kbar) on these rocks. The P–T conditions are lower than the peak metamorphic conditions reported for the ultrahigh-temperature granulites from this area (T>900 ° C). The heterogeneity in peak P–T conditions within the same crustal block might be related to local buffering of metamorphic temperatures by the Opx-Bt-Kfs-Qtz assemblage. The result of T versus mole H₂O (M(H₂O)) modeling demonstrated that the Opx-free assemblage in the Grt-Bt gneiss is stable at M(H₂O)00.3 to 1.5 mol%, and orthopyroxene occurs as a stable mineral at M(H₂O) <0.3 mol%, which is consistent with the petrogenetic model of incipient charnockite related to the lowering of the water activity and stabilization of orthopyroxene through the breakdown of biotite by dehydration caused by the infiltration of CO₂-rich fluid from external sources. We also propose a possible alternative mechanism to form charnockite from Grt-Bt gneiss through slight variations in bulk-rock chemistry (particularly for the K- and Fe-rich portion of Grt-Bt gneiss) that can enhance the stability of orthopyroxene rather than that of biotite, with K-metasomatism playing a possible role.
Rights: © Springer-Verlag 2012
RMID: 0030044491
DOI: 10.1007/s00710-012-0214-x
Appears in Collections:Geology & Geophysics publications

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