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|Title:||Patterns of within-vineyard spatial variation in the ‘pepper’ compound rotundone are temporally stable from year to year|
|Citation:||Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research, 2017; 23(1):42-47|
|R.G.V. Bramley, T.E. Siebert, M.J. Herderich, M.P. Krstic|
|Abstract:||Background and Aims: Within‐vineyard variation in the concentration of grape berry rotundone has been shown to be spatially structured and related to variation in the land (soil, topography) underlying the vineyard, although its temporal stability has not been evaluated. Our aim here was therefore to ascertain whether patterns of rotundone variation were stable from year to year. This is an important aspect in understanding and exploiting terroir on a vineyard‐scale as it informs how targeted management might take advantage of the variation to the benefit of both grapegrowers and winemakers. It also facilitates targeted research into the biophysical factors that may be critical to the formation of rotundone in grapes. Methods and Results: Immediately prior to the commercial harvest of a 6.1 ha vineyard block in the Grampians region of Victoria, 177 geo‐referenced samples of grapes were collected in each of three seasons (2012, 2013 and 2015) and analysed for their rotundone concentration. The mean berry rotundone concentration varied 40‐fold between seasons, yet spatial analysis of maps of rotundone variation produced for each year indicated that the patterns of spatial variation were stable across seasons. Conclusions: Irrespective of the seasonal factors which affect the mean concentration of berry rotundone, variation in the land (soil, topography) underlying the vineyard is a consistent driver of within‐vineyard variation in this important grape‐derived flavour and aroma compound. Significance of the Study: This work suggests that targeted vineyard management strategies, including selective harvesting, may be used to manipulate wine style – in this case, the pepperiness of cool climate Shiraz wines. It also suggests that further study of the relationships between the environment and berry composition is warranted in pursuit of a more robust understanding of terroir.|
|Keywords:||Precision Viticulture; terroir; Vitis vinifera (cv. Shiraz); wine flavour and aroma|
|Rights:||© 2016 Australian Society of Viticulture and Oenology Inc.|
|Appears in Collections:||Agriculture, Food and Wine publications|
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