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Type: Journal article
Title: Organic phosphorus speciation in Australian Red Chromosols: stoichiometric control
Author: Moata, M.
Doolette, A.
Smernik, R.
McNeill, A.
Macdonald, L.
Citation: Soil Research, 2016; 54(1):11-19
Publisher: CSIRO Publishing
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 1838-675X
Statement of
Melinda R.S. Moata, Ashlea L. Doolette, Ronald J. Smernik, Ann M. McNeill and Lynne M. Macdonald
Abstract: Organic phosphorus (P) plays an important role in the soil P cycle. It is present in various chemical forms, the relative amounts of which vary among soils, due to factors including climate, land use, and soil type. Few studies have investigated co-variation between P types or stoichiometric correlation with the key elemental components of organic matter– carbon (C) and nitrogen (N), both of which may influence P pool structure and dynamics in agricultural soils. In this study we determined the organic P speciation of twenty Australian Red Chromosols soils, a soil type widely used for cropping in Australia. Eight different chemical forms of P were quantified by ³¹P NMR spectroscopy, with a large majority (>90%) in all soils identified as orthophosphate and humic P. The strongest correlations (r² = 0.77–0.85, P < 0.001) between P types were found among minor components: (i) between two inositol hexakisphosphate isomers (myo and scyllo) and (ii) between phospholipids and RNA (both detected as their alkaline hydrolysis products). Total soil C and N were correlated with phospholipid and RNA P, but not the most abundant P forms of orthophosphate and humic P. This suggests an influence of organic matter content on the organic P pool consisting of phospholipid and RNA, but not on inositol P or the largest organic P pool in these soils – humic P.
Keywords: Carbon, diester phosphate; monoester phosphate; nitrogen; organic P; solution ³¹P NMR spectroscopy; stoichiometry
Rights: Journal compilation © CSIRO 2016
RMID: 0030043324
DOI: 10.1071/SR15085
Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications

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