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|Title:||Oligonuclear polypyridylruthenium(II) complexes: selectivity between bacteria and eukaryotic cells|
Richard Keene, F.
Grant Collins, J.
|Citation:||Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 2016; 71(6):1547-1555|
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press|
|Anil K. Gorle, Xin Li, Sebastian Primrose, Fangfei Li, Marshall Feterl, Robert T. Kinobe, Kirsten Heimann, Jeffrey M. Warner, F. Richard Keene, and J. Grant Collins|
|Abstract:||Objectives: The objectives of this study were to: (i) determine the in vitro activities of a series of di-, tri- and tetra-nuclear ruthenium complexes (Rubbn, Rubbn-tri and Rubbn-tetra) against a range of Gram-positive and -negative bacteria and compare the antimicrobial activities with the corresponding toxicities against eukaryotic cells; and (ii) compare MIC values with achievable in vivo serum concentrations for the least toxic ruthenium complex. Methods: The in vitro activities were determined by MIC assays and time-kill curve experiments, while the toxicities of the ruthenium complexes were determined using the Alamar blue cytotoxicity assay. A preliminary pharmacokinetic study was undertaken to determine the Rubb₁₂ serum concentration in mice as a function of time after administration. Results: Rubb₁₂, Rubb₁₂-tri and Rubb₁₂-tetra are highly active, with MIC values of 1-2 mg/L (0.5-1.5 μM) for a range of Gram-positive strains, but showed variable activities against a panel of Gram-negative bacteria. Time-kill experiments indicated that Rubb₁₂, Rubb₁₂-tri and Rubb₁₂-tetra are bactericidal and kill bacteria within 3-8 h. The di-, tri- and tetra-nuclear complexes were ∼50 times more toxic to Gram-positive bacteria and 25 times more toxic to Gram-negative strains, classified as susceptible, than to liver and kidney cells. Preliminary pharmacokinetic experiments established that serum concentrations higher than MIC values can be obtained for Rubb₁₂ with an administered dose of 32 mg/kg. Conclusions: The ruthenium complexes, particularly Rubb₁₂, have potential as new antimicrobial agents. The structure of the dinuclear ruthenium complex can be readily further modified in order to increase the selectivity for bacteria over eukaryotic cells.|
|Rights:||© The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: email@example.com|
|Appears in Collections:||Medicine publications|
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