Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/115450
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Type: Journal article
Title: Taxonomic revision of the olingos (Bassaricyon), with description of a new species, the Olinguito
Author: Helgen, K.
Pinto, C.
Kays, R.
Helgen, L.
Tsuchiya, M.
Quinn, A.
Wilson, D.
Maldonado, J.
Citation: ZooKeys, 2013; 324(324):1-83
Publisher: Pensoft Publishers
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 1313-2989
1313-2970
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Kristofer M. Helgen, C. Miguel Pinto, Roland Kays, Lauren E. Helgen, Mirian T. N. Tsuchiya, Aleta Quinn, Don E. Wilson, Jesús E. Maldonado
Abstract: We present the first comprehensive taxonomic revision and review the biology of the olingos, the endemic Neotropical procyonid genus Bassaricyon, based on most specimens available in museums, and with data derived from anatomy, morphometrics, mitochondrial and nuclear DNA, field observations, and geographic range modeling. Species of Bassaricyon are primarily forest-living, arboreal, nocturnal, frugivorous, and solitary, and have one young at a time. We demonstrate that four olingo species can be recognized, including a Central American species (Bassaricyon gabbii), lowland species with eastern, cis-Andean (Bassaricyon alleni) and western, trans-Andean (Bassaricyon medius) distributions, and a species endemic to cloud forests in the Andes. The oldest evolutionary divergence in the genus is between this last species, endemic to the Andes of Colombia and Ecuador, and all other species, which occur in lower elevation habitats. Surprisingly, this Andean endemic species, which we call the Olinguito, has never been previously described; it represents a new species in the order Carnivora and is the smallest living member of the family Procyonidae. We report on the biology of this new species based on information from museum specimens, niche modeling, and fieldwork in western Ecuador, and describe four Olinguito subspecies based on morphological distinctions across different regions of the Northern Andes.
Keywords: Andes; Bassaricyon; biogeography; Neotropics; new species; olingo; Olinguito
Description: Published 15 August 2013
Rights: Copyright K.M. Helgen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 (CC-BY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
RMID: 0030065457
DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.324.5827
Appears in Collections:Earth and Environmental Sciences publications

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