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Type: Journal article
Title: Sequence analysis of the mip gene of the soilborne pathogen Legionella longbeachae.
Author: Doyle, R.
Steele, T.
McLennan, A.
Parkinson, I.
Manning, P.
Heuzenroeder, M.
Citation: Infection and Immunity, 1998; 66(4):1492-1499
Issue Date: 1998
ISSN: 0019-9567
Statement of
Robyn M. Doyle, Trevor W. Steele, Alan M. McLennan, Ian H. Parkinson, Paul A. Manning and Michael W. Heuzenroeder
Abstract: To understand the basis of pathogenesis by Legionella longbeachae serogroup 1, the importance of the Mip protein in this species was examined. Amino-terminal analysis of the purified, cloned L. longbeachae serogroup 1 ATCC 33462 Mip protein confirmed that the cloned gene protein was expressed and processed in an Escherichia coli background. DNA sequence analysis of plasmid pIMVS27, containing the entire L. longbeachae serogroup 1 mip gene, revealed a high degree of homology to the mip gene of Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1, 76% homology at the DNA level and 87% identity at the amino acid level. Primer extension analysis determined that the start site of transcription was the same for both species, with some differences observed for the 10 and 35 promoter regions. Primers designed from the mip gene sequence obtained for L. longbeachae serogroup 1 ATCC 33462 were used to amplify the mip genes from L. longbeachae serogroup 2 ATCC 33484 and an Australian clinical isolate of L. longbeachae serogroup 1 A5H5. The mip gene from A5H5 was 100% identical to the type strain sequence. The serogroup 2 strain of L. longbeachae differed by 2 base pairs in third-codon positions. Allelic exchange mutagenesis was used to generate an isogenic mip mutant in ATCC 33462 and strain A5H5. The ATCC mip mutant was unable to infect a strain of Acanthamoebae sp. both in liquid and in a potting mix coculture system, while the A5H5 mip mutant behaved in a manner siilar to that of L. pneumophila serogroup 1, i.e., it displayed a reduced capacity to infect and multiply within Acanthamoebae. To determine if this mutation resulted in reduced virulence in the guinea pig animal model, the A5H5 mip mutant and its parent strain were assessed for their abilities to establish an infection after aerosol exposure. Unlike the virulent parent strain, the mutant strain did not kill any animals under two different dose regimes. The data indicate that the Mip protein plays an important role in the intracellular life cycle of L. longbeachae serogroup 1 species and is required for full virulence.
Keywords: Animals
Guinea Pigs
Peptidylprolyl Isomerase
Bacterial Proteins
Membrane Proteins
Genetic Complementation Test
Soil Microbiology
Transcription, Genetic
Amino Acid Sequence
Base Sequence
Genes, Bacterial
Molecular Sequence Data
Description: Copyright © 1998, American Society for Microbiology.
DOI: 10.1128/iai.66.4.1492-1499.1998
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Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 2
Microbiology and Immunology publications

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