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Type: Journal article
Title: Forensic pathology of traumatic brain injury
Author: Finnie, J.
Citation: Veterinary Pathology, 2016; 53(5):962-978
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 0300-9858
Statement of
J.W. Finnie
Abstract: Traumatic brain injury constitutes a significant proportion of cases requiring forensic examination, and it encompasses (1) blunt, nonmissile head injury, especially involving motor vehicle accidents, and (2) penetrating, missile injury produced by a range of high- and lower-velocity projectiles. This review examines the complex pathophysiology and biomechanics of both types of neurotrauma and assesses the macroscopic and histologic features of component lesions, which may be used to determine the cause and manner of death resulting from an intentional assault or accident. Estimation of the survival time postinjury by pathologic examination is also important where malicious head injury is suspected, in an attempt to ascertain a time at which the traumatic event might have been committed, thereby evaluating the authenticity of statements made by the alleged perpetrator.
Keywords: Traumatic brain injury; veterinary forensic neuropathology; artifacts; contusions; axonal injury; cerebral ischemia; brain edema; intracranial haemorrhage; ischemic-hypoxic encephalopathy; gunshot wounds; captive bolt stunning; age of lesions
Rights: © The Author(s) 2015 Reprints and permission:
DOI: 10.1177/0300985815612155
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