Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Scopus Web of Science® Altmetric
Type: Journal article
Title: Diabetic Foot Australia guideline on footwear for people with diabetes
Author: van Netten, J.
Lazzarini, P.
Armstrong, D.
Bus, S.
Fitridge, R.
Harding, K.
Kinnear, E.
Malone, M.
Menz, H.
Perrin, B.
Postema, K.
Prentice, J.
Schott, K.
Wraight, P.
Citation: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, 2018; 11(1):2-1-2-14
Publisher: BMC
Issue Date: 2018
ISSN: 1757-1146
Statement of
Jaap J. van Netten , Peter A. Lazzarini, David G. Armstrong, Sicco A. Bus, Robert Fitridge, Keith Harding, Ewan Kinnear, Matthew Malone, Hylton B. Menz, Byron M. Perrin, Klaas Postema, Jenny Prentice, Karl-Heinz Schott and Paul R. Wraight
Abstract: The aim of this paper was to create an updated Australian guideline on footwear for people with diabetes.We reviewed new footwear publications, (inter)national guidelines, and consensus expert opinion alongside the 2013 Australian footwear guideline to formulate updated recommendations.We recommend health professionals managing people with diabetes should: (1) Advise people with diabetes to wear footwear that fits, protects and accommodates the shape of their feet. (2) Advise people with diabetes to always wear socks within their footwear, in order to reduce shear and friction. (3) Educate people with diabetes, their relatives and caregivers on the importance of wearing appropriate footwear to prevent foot ulceration. (4) Instruct people with diabetes at intermediate- or high-risk of foot ulceration to obtain footwear from an appropriately trained professional to ensure it fits, protects and accommodates the shape of their feet. (5) Motivate people with diabetes at intermediate- or high-risk of foot ulceration to wear their footwear at all times, both indoors and outdoors. (6) Motivate people with diabetes at intermediate- or high-risk of foot ulceration (or their relatives and caregivers) to check their footwear, each time before wearing, to ensure that there are no foreign objects in, or penetrating, the footwear; and check their feet, each time their footwear is removed, to ensure there are no signs of abnormal pressure, trauma or ulceration. (7) For people with a foot deformity or pre-ulcerative lesion, consider prescribing medical grade footwear, which may include custom-made in-shoe orthoses or insoles. (8) For people with a healed plantar foot ulcer, prescribe medical grade footwear with custom-made in-shoe orthoses or insoles with a demonstrated plantar pressure relieving effect at high-risk areas. (9) Review prescribed footwear every three months to ensure it still fits adequately, protects, and supports the foot. (10) For people with a plantar diabetic foot ulcer, footwear is not specifically recommended for treatment; prescribe appropriate offloading devices to heal these ulcers.This guideline contains 10 key recommendations to guide health professionals in selecting the most appropriate footwear to meet the specific foot risk needs of an individual with diabetes.
Keywords: Diabetes mellitus
Foot ulcer
Rights: © The Author(s). 2018 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
DOI: 10.1186/s13047-017-0244-z
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 8
Medicine publications

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
hdl_117111.pdfPublished version546.35 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.