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Type: Journal article
Title: Diet-induced overweight and obesity and periodontitis risk: an application of the parametric G-formula in the 1982 pelotas birth cohort
Author: Nascimento, G.G.
De Anselmo Peres, M.A.
Mittinty, M.N.
Peres, K.G.
Do, L.G.
Horta, B.L.
Gigante, D.P.
Correa, M.B.
Demarco, F.F.
Citation: American Journal Of Epidemiology, 2017; 185(6):442-451
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Issue Date: 2017
ISSN: 0002-9262
Statement of
Gustavo G. Nascimento Marco A. Peres Murthy N. Mittinty Karen G. Peres Loc G. Do Bernardo L. Horta Denise P. Gigante Marcos B. Corrêa Flávio F. Demarco
Abstract: We aimed to estimate hypothetical effects of habits (smoking, alcohol consumption, and fat and carbohydrates consumption) combined with diet-induced overweight/obesity on the risk of periodontitis. The risk of any periodontitis, moderate/severe periodontitis, and the combination of bleeding on probing (BOP) and clinical attachment loss (CAL) was estimated using the parametric g-formula in adults aged 31 years from the 1982 Pelotas Birth Cohort in Brazil. Individuals in this cohort have been followed since birth. Hypothetical conditions were set independently for each risk factor and in combination for the entire population. A total of 539 participants had oral examinations in 2013. The cumulative 31-year risk under no intervention was 33.3% for any periodontitis, 14.3%, for moderate/severe periodontitis, and 14.7%, for BOP and CAL. According to our statistical approach, diet-induced overweight/obesity increased the risk of all outcomes: 11% (overweight) and 22% (obesity) higher risk of periodontitis; 12% (overweight) and 27% (obesity) higher risk of moderate/severe periodontitis; 21% (overweight) and 57% (obesity) higher risk of CAL and BOP. When overweight/obesity was combined with other unhealthy habits, the risk was even greater. Our findings suggest that the combination of diet-induced obesity with other risk factors may increase the risk of periodontitis. Further research in the field is required to corroborate our study.
Keywords: Cohort studies; diet; g-formula; interventions; nutritional status; obesity; overweight; periodontal disease
Rights: © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. All rights reserved.
RMID: 0030064319
DOI: 10.1093/aje/kww187
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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