Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/119549
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Type: Journal article
Title: Strategies to implement and monitor in-home transcranial electrical stimulation in neurological and psychiatric patient populations: a systematic review
Author: Sandran, N.
Hillier, S.
Hordacre, B.
Citation: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation, 2019; 16(1):58
Publisher: BMC
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 1743-0003
1743-0003
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Nandini Sandran, Susan Hillier and Brenton Hordacre
Abstract: BACKGROUND:Transcranial electrical stimulation is a promising technique to facilitate behavioural improvements in neurological and psychiatric populations. Recently there has been interest in remote delivery of stimulation within a participant's home. OBJECTIVE:The purpose of this review is to identify strategies employed to implement and monitor in-home stimulation and identify whether these approaches are associated with protocol adherence, adverse events and patient perspectives. METHODS:MEDLINE, Embase Classic + Embase, Emcare and PsycINFO databases and clinical trial registries were searched to identify studies which reported primary data for any type of transcranial electrical stimulation applied as a home-based treatment. RESULTS:Nineteen published studies from unique trials and ten on-going trials were included. For published data, internal validity was assessed with the Cochrane risk of bias assessment tool with most studies exhibiting a high level of bias possibly reflecting the preliminary nature of current work. Several different strategies were employed to prepare the participant, deliver and monitor the in-home transcranial electrical stimulation. The use of real time videoconferencing to monitor in-home transcranial electrical stimulation appeared to be associated with higher levels of compliance with the stimulation protocol and greater participant satisfaction. There were no severe adverse events associated with in-home stimulation. CONCLUSIONS:Delivery of transcranial electrical stimulation within a person's home offers many potential benefits and appears acceptable and safe provided appropriate preparation and monitoring is provided. Future in-home transcranial electrical stimulation studies should use real-time videoconferencing as one of the approaches to facilitate delivery of this potentially beneficial treatment.
Keywords: Home therapy; Non-invasive brain stimulation; Rehabilitation; Remote monitoring; Telemedicine; Transcranial direct current stimulation
Rights: © The Author(s). 2019 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
RMID: 0030116345
DOI: 10.1186/s12984-019-0529-5
Grant ID: http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/1125054
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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