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Type: Journal article
Title: Metabolic effects on carbon isotope biomarkers in fish
Author: Martino, J.
Doubleday, Z.
Gillanders, B.
Citation: Ecological Indicators, 2019; 97:10-16
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 1470-160X
Statement of
Jasmin C. Martino, Zoë A. Doubleday, Bronwyn M. Gillanders
Abstract: Carbon stable isotopes (δ¹³C) in animal tissues are a powerful tool for tracking biological and environmental change. However, carbon isotope signatures can be altered by both physiological and environmental factors which can cloud interpretation in their use as biomarkers. We investigated metabolic effects (by varying temperatures) on δ¹³C of three fish tissues (otolith, muscle and liver) and the proportional contributions of environmental water (dissolved inorganic carbon; DIC) and diet (metabolic sources). Juvenile Australasian snapper (Chrysophrys auratus) were laboratory-reared at four temperatures for up to two months and then δ¹³C in otolith, liver and muscle were measured using isotope-ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS). Temperature significantly altered δ¹³C signatures in all tissues. δ¹³C in otoliths reflected carbon signatures from diet and water DIC, with values and variation of proportional contributions influenced by temperature. In muscle and liver, we found differences in δ¹³C between tissues and across temperature treatments with concurrent high diet-to-tissue fractionation. We conclude that metabolic effects influenced carbon incorporation for all tissues, with otolith carbon providing valuable insights into field metabolic rates. However, metabolic effects complicated the use of soft-tissue to track diet. This study deepens our understanding of internal and external drivers of carbon isotopic signatures in fish tissues and enhances their utility as a biomarker in the field. Improved insight into biomarkers facilitates more accurate predictions of ecological and environmental change for better understanding and management of wild populations.
Keywords: Carbon isotopes; stable isotopes; metabolic rate; biomarker; biochemical tracers; otoliths; diet
Rights: © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
RMID: 0030100133
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.10.010
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Appears in Collections:Earth and Environmental Sciences publications

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