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Type: Thesis
Title: Joint appearance and motion model for multi-class multi-object tracking
Author: Liu, Chongyu
Issue Date: 2019
School/Discipline: School of Computer Science
Abstract: Model-free tracking is a widely-accepted approach to track an arbitrary object in a video using a single frame annotation with no further prior knowledge about the object of interest. Extending this problem to track multiple objects is really challenging because: a) the tracker is not aware of the objects’ type while trying to distinguish them from background (detection task) , and b) The tracker needs to distinguish one object from other potentially similar objects (data association task) to generate stable trajectories. In order to track multiple arbitrary objects, most existing model-free tracking approaches rely on tracking each target individually by updating their appearance model independently. Therefore, in this scenario they often fail to perform well due to confusion between the appearance of similar objects, their sudden appearance changes and occlusion. To tackle this problem, we propose to use both appearance and motion models, and to learn them jointly using graphical models and deep neural networks features. We introduce an indicator variable to predict sudden appearance change and/or occlusion. When these happen, our model does not update the appearance model thus avoiding using the background and/or incorrect object to update the appearance of the object of interest mistakenly, and relies on our motion model to track. Moreover, we consider the correlation among all targets, and seek the joint optimal locations for all targets simultaneously as a graphical model inference problem. We learn the joint parameters for both appearance model and motion model in an online fashion under the framework of LaRank. Experiment results show that our method outperforms the state-of-the-art.
Advisor: Shi, Qinfeng (Javen)
Dissertation Note: Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Computer Science, 2019
Keywords: Model-free tracking
multiple objects tracking
joint learning
joint optimal inference
graphical models
Provenance: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at:
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