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Type: Journal article
Title: Traumatic brain injury in young children with isolated scalp haematoma
Author: Bressan, S.
Kochar, A.
Oakley, E.
Borland, M.
Phillips, N.
Dalton, S.
Lyttle, M.
Hearps, S.
Cheek, J.
Furyk, J.
Neutze, J.
Dalziel, S.
Babl, F.
Citation: Archives of Disease in Childhood, 2019; 104(7):664-669
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 0003-9888
1468-2044
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Silvia Bressan, Amit Kochar, Ed Oakley, Meredith Borland, Natalie Phillips, Sarah Dalton, Mark D Lyttle, Stephen Hearps, John Alexander Cheek, Jeremy Furyk, Jocelyn Neutze, Stuart Dalziel, Franz E Babl, on behalf of the Paediatric Research in Emergency Department International Collaborative (PREDICT) group
Abstract: Objective: Despite high-quality paediatric head trauma clinical prediction rules, the management of otherwise asymptomatic young children with scalp haematomas (SH) can be difficult. We determined the risk of intracranial injury when SH is the only predictor variable using definitions from the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) and Children's Head Injury Algorithm for the Prediction of Important Clinical Events (CHALICE) head trauma rules. Design: Planned secondary analysis of a multicentre prospective observational study. Setting: Ten emergency departments in Australia and New Zealand. Patients: Children <2 years with head trauma (n=5237). Interventions: We used the PECARN (any non-frontal haematoma) and CHALICE (>5 cm haematoma in any region of the head) rule-based definition of isolated SH in both children <1 year and <2 years. Main Outcome Measures: Clinically important traumatic brain injury (ciTBI; ie, death, neurosurgery, intubation >24 hours or positive CT scan in association with hospitalisation ≥2 nights for traumatic brain injury). Results: In children <1 year with isolated SH as per PECARN rule, the risk of ciTBI was 0.0% (0/109; 95% CI 0.0% to 3.3%); in those with isolated SH as defined by the CHALICE, it was 20.0% (7/35; 95% CI 8.4% to 36.9%) with one patient requiring neurosurgery. Results for children <2 years and when using rule specific outcomes were similar. Conclusions: In young children with SH as an isolated finding after head trauma, use of the definitions of both rules will aid clinicians in determining the level of risk of ciTBI and therefore in deciding whether to do a CT scan.
Keywords: Paediatric Research in Emergency Department International Collaborative (PREDICT) group
Rights: © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.
RMID: 0030128003
DOI: 10.1136/archdischild-2018-316066
Grant ID: http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/1046727
http://purl.org/au-research/grants/nhmrc/1058560
Appears in Collections:Paediatrics publications

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