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|Title:||Mapping of novel salt tolerance QTL in an Excalibur x Kukri doubled haploid wheat population|
|Citation:||Theoretical and Applied Genetics: international journal of plant breeding research, 2018; 131(10):2179-2196|
|Muhammad A. Asif, Rhiannon K. Schilling, Joanne Tilbrook, Chris Brien, Kate Dowling, Huwaida Rabie, Laura Short, Christine Trittermann, Alexandre Garcia, Edward G. Barrett, Lennard, Bettina Berger, Diane E. Mather, Matthew Gilliham, Delphine Fleury, Mark Tester, Stuart J. Roy, Allison S. Pearson|
|Abstract:||Soil salinity is a major limitation to cereal production. Breeding new salt-tolerant cultivars has the potential to improve cereal crop yields. In this study, a doubled haploid bread wheat mapping population, derived from the bi-parental cross of Excalibur x Kukri, was grown in a glasshouse under control and salinity treatments and evaluated using high-throughput non-destructive imaging technology. Quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis of this population detected multiple QTL under salt and control treatments. Of these, six QTL were detected in the salt treatment including one for maintenance of shoot growth under salinity (QG₍₁₋₅₎·asl-7A), one for leaf Na⁺ exclusion (QNa.asl-7A) and four for leaf K⁺ accumulation (QK.asl-2B.1, QK.asl-2B.2, QK.asl-5A and QK:Na.asl-6A). The beneficial allele for QG₍₁₋₅₎.asl-7A (the maintenance of shoot growth under salinity) was present in six out of 44 mainly Australian bread and durum wheat cultivars. The effect of each QTL allele on grain yield was tested in a range of salinity concentrations at three field sites across 2 years. In six out of nine field trials with different levels of salinity stress, lines with alleles for Na⁺ exclusion and/or K⁺ maintenance at three QTL (QNa.asl-7A, QK.asl-2B.2 and QK:Na.asl-6A) excluded more Na⁺ or accumulated more K⁺ compared to lines without these alleles. Importantly, the QK.asl-2B.2 allele for higher K⁺ accumulation was found to be associated with higher grain yield at all field sites. Several alleles at other QTL were associated with higher grain yields at selected field sites.|
|Rights:||© The Author(s) 2018. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.|
|Appears in Collections:||Agriculture, Food and Wine publications|
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