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Type: Journal article
Title: Fluid and heat transfer characteristics of aqueous graphene nanoplatelet (GNP) nanofluid in a microchannel
Author: Sarafraz, M.
Yang, B.
Pourmehran, O.
Arjomandi, M.
Ghomashchi, R.
Citation: International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, 2019; 107:24-33
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 0735-1933
Statement of
M.M. Sarafraz, B. Yang, O. Pourmehran, M. Arjomandi, R. Ghomashchi
Abstract: In the present work, thermo-physical properties of aqueous Graphene Nanoplatelet (GNP) at various mass concentrations of GNPs was experimentally measured. An experimental investigation was conducted to quantify the heat transfer coefficient, friction factor, pressure drop value, pumping power and thermo-hydraulic performance index of the nanofluid within a microchannel at various heat flux and Reynolds number. Results showed that GNP/water nanofluid can plausibly enhance the heat transfer coefficient and the Nusselt number by ~80%. In addition, a small increase in the friction factor and the pressure drop value was seen, which was attributed to the augmentation in the friction forces. The maximum increase in the pressure drop was 18.3% recorded at the highest Reynolds number and the highest mass concentration of the nanofluid. Also, despite the augmentation in the pressure drop value, the thermal performance of the system increased by 76% showing the great potential of the GNP/water nanofluid cooling and/or heating applications despite ~20% augmentation in the pumping power at Reynolds number > 1376. The enhancement in the thermal performance of the system was attributed to the thermophoresis effect, Brownian motion and the enhancement in the thermal conductivity of the nanofluid due to the presence of the GNP nanoplatelets.
Keywords: Graphene nanoplatelets; pumping power; thermal performance; microchannel; friction factor
Rights: © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2019.05.004
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Mechanical Engineering publications

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