Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/123245
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Type: Journal article
Title: Magnetic natural composite Fe₃O₄-chitosan@bentonite for removal of heavy metals from acid mine drainage
Other Titles: Magnetic natural composite Fe(3)O(4)-chitosan@bentonite for removal of heavy metals from acid mine drainage
Author: Feng, G.
Ma, J.
Zhang, X.
Zhang, Q.
Xiao, Y.
Ma, Q.
Wang, S.
Citation: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2019; 538:132-141
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 0021-9797
1095-7103
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Guorui Feng, Jianchao Ma, Xiaopeng Zhang, Qingfang Zhang, Yuqiang Xiao, Qingliang Ma, Shaobin Wang
Abstract: Magnetic Fe₃O₄-chitosan@bentonite (Fe₃O₄-CS@BT) composites using natural materials were synthesized and used to remediate acid mine drainage (AMD) for heavy metal removal. It was found that the composites had a good magnetism, high stability and good performance in removal of Cr(VI) in the synthetic aqueous solutions. The thermodynamic parameters showed that Cr(VI) adsorption onto Fe₃O₄-CS@BT was an exothermic and spontaneous process. The adsorption kinetics was well described by a pseudo-second-order model, and the adsorption isotherms fit the Langmuir model with a maximum adsorption capacity of 62.1 mg/g at 25 °C. Solution pH was a key factor for adsorption and the optimized pH was 2.0. Fe₃O₄-CS@BT could be easily recycled through an external magnetic field and the adsorption capacity reduced by only 3% after five consecutive adsorption-desorption processes. In addition, Fe₃O₄-CS@BT was found to be an excellent adsorbent for actual AMD remediation containing Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe Zn, Ni and Pb, suggesting that the Fe₃O₄-CS@BT was an effective and economical adsorbent for the treatment of AMD.
Keywords: Fe₃O₄-chitosan@bentonite; acid mine drainage; Cr(VI) adsorption; heavy metals
Rights: © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
RMID: 0030105250
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2018.11.087
Appears in Collections:Chemical Engineering publications

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