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Type: Journal article
Title: Colonic transit in patients after anterior resection: prospective, comparative study using single-photon emission CT/CT scintigraphy
Author: Ng, K.-.S.
Russo, R.
Gladman, M.A.
Citation: The British Journal of Surgery, 2020; 107(5):567-579
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Issue Date: 2020
ISSN: 0007-1323
Statement of
K.-S. Ng, R. Russo, and M. A. Gladman
Abstract: BACKGROUND:Bowel dysfunction after anterior resection is well documented, but its pathophysiology remains poorly understood. No study has assessed whether postoperative variation in colonic transit contributes to symptoms. This study measured colonic transit using planar scintigraphy and single-photon emission CT (SPECT)/CT in patients after anterior resection, stratified according to postoperative bowel function. METHODS:Symptoms were assessed using the low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) score. Following gallium-67 ingestion, scintigraphy was performed at predefined time points. Nine regions of interest were defined, and geometric centre (GC), percentage isotope retained, GC velocity index and colonic half-clearance time (T½ ) determined. Transit parameters were compared between subgroups based on LARS score using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses. RESULTS:Fifty patients (37 men; median age 72·6 (range 44·4-87·7) years) underwent planar and SPECT scintigraphy. Overall, 17 patients had major and nine had minor LARS; 24 did not have LARS. There were significant differences in transit profiles between patients with major LARs and those without LARS: GCs were greater (median 5·94 (range 2·35-7·72) versus 4·30 (2·12-6·47) at 32 h; P = 0·015); the percentage retained isotope was lower (median 53·8 (range 6·5-100) versus 89·9 (38·4-100) per cent at 32 h; P = 0·002); GC velocity indices were greater (median 1·70 (range 1·18-1·92) versus 1·45 (0·98-1·80); P = 0·013); and T½ was shorter (median 38·3 (17·0-65·0) versus 57·0 (32·1-160·0) h; P = 0·003). Percentage tracer retained at 32 h best discriminated major LARS from no LARS (area under curve (AUC) 0·828). CONCLUSION:Patients with major LARS had accelerated colonic transit compared with those without LARS, which may help explain postoperative bowel dysfunction in this group. The percentage tracer retained at 32 h had the greatest AUC value in discriminating such patients.
Keywords: Colon; Rectum; Humans; Rectal Neoplasms; Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon; Gastrointestinal Transit; Postoperative Period; Prospective Studies; ROC Curve; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Middle Aged; Female; Male
Rights: © 2020 BJS Society Ltd
RMID: 1000017074
DOI: 10.1002/bjs.11471
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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