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|Title:||Genetic history from the Middle Neolithic to present on the Mediterranean island of Sardinia|
Der Sarkissian, C.
|Citation:||Nature Communications, 2020; 11(1):939|
|Publisher:||Nature Research (part of Springer Nature)|
|Joseph H. Marcus ... Wolfgang Haak ... et al.|
|Abstract:||The island of Sardinia has been of particular interest to geneticists for decades. The current model for Sardinia's genetic history describes the island as harboring a founder population that was established largely from the Neolithic peoples of southern Europe and remained isolated from later Bronze Age expansions on the mainland. To evaluate this model, we generate genome-wide ancient DNA data for 70 individuals from 21 Sardinian archaeological sites spanning the Middle Neolithic through the Medieval period. The earliest individuals show a strong affinity to western Mediterranean Neolithic populations, followed by an extended period of genetic continuity on the island through the Nuragic period (second millennium BCE). Beginning with individuals from Phoenician/Punic sites (first millennium BCE), we observe spatially-varying signals of admixture with sources principally from the eastern and northern Mediterranean. Overall, our analysis sheds light on the genetic history of Sardinia, revealing how relationships to mainland populations shifted over time.|
|Keywords:||Chromosomes, Human, X; Chromosomes, Human, Y; Humans; DNA, Mitochondrial; Sequence Analysis, DNA; Genetics, Population; Models, Genetic; Archaeology; History, Ancient; History, Medieval; History, 15th Century; History, 16th Century; History, 17th Century; History, 18th Century; History, 19th Century; History, 20th Century; History, 21st Century; Italy; Female; Male; Human Migration; Datasets as Topic; DNA, Ancient; Body Remains|
|Rights:||© The authors. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.|
|Appears in Collections:||Genetics publications|
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