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|Title:||Hinge and overturning moments due to unsteady heliostat pressure distributions in a turbulent atmospheric boundary layer|
|Citation:||Solar Energy, 2019; 193:604-617|
|Matthew J. Emes, Azadeh Jafari, Farzin Ghanadi, Maziar Arjomandi|
|Abstract:||Non-uniform pressure distributions on the heliostat surface due to turbulence in the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) have a significant impact on the maximum bending moments about the hinge of and pedestal base of a conventional pedestal-mounted heliostat. This paper correlates the movement of the centre of pressure due to the mean and peak pressure distributions with the hinge and overturning moment coefficients using high-frequency pressure and force measurements on a scale-model heliostat within two simulated ABLs generated in a wind tunnel. The positions of the centre of pressure were calculated for a range of heliostat elevation-azimuth configurations using a similar analogy to those in ASCE 7-02 for monoslope-roof buildings, ASCE 7-16 for rooftop solar panels, and in the literature on flat plates. It was found that the maximum hinge moment is strongly correlated to the centre of pressure movement from the heliostat central elevation axis. Application of stow and operating load coefficients to a full-scale 36m² heliostat showed that the maximum hinge moment remains below the stow hinge moment at maximum operating design gust wind speeds of 29 m/s in a suburban terrain and 33 m/s in a desert terrain. The operating hinge moments at elevation angles above 45° are less than 60% of the stow loads with a constant 40 m/s design wind speed. The results in the current study can be used to determine heliostat configurations and appropriate design wind speeds in different terrains leading to the maximum design wind loads on the elevation drive and foundation.|
|Keywords:||Heliostat; Hinge moment; Overturning moment; Pressure distribution; Centre of pressure; Turbulence|
|Description:||Available online 09 October 2019|
|Rights:||© 2019 International Solar Energy Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Mechanical Engineering publications|
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