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Type: Journal article
Title: Role of oxygen vacancies and Mn sites in hierarchical Mn₂O₃/LaMnO₃-δ perovskite composites for aqueous organic pollutants decontamination
Other Titles: Role of oxygen vacancies and Mn sites in hierarchical Mn(2)O(3)/LaMnO(3)-(delta) perovskite composites for aqueous organic pollutants decontamination
Author: Wang, Y.
Chen, L.
Cao, H.
Chi, Z.
Chen, C.
Duan, X.
Xie, Y.
Qi, F.
Song, W.
Liu, J.
Wang, S.
Citation: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 2019; 245:546-554
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2019
ISSN: 0926-3373
Statement of
Yuxian Wang, Lulu Chen, Hongbin Cao, Zhaoxu Chi, Chunmao Chen, Xiaoguang Duan, Yongbing Xie, Fei Qi, Weiyu Song, Jian Liu, Shaobin Wang
Abstract: La-based perovskites are catalytically active owing to the oxygen vacancies, redox metal centers of B sites and surface hydroxyl groups. Nevertheless, the insights into these active centers on environmental catalysis are still insufficient. In this study, hierarchical mixed oxides perovskite microspheres were synthesized for catalytic ozonation over oxalic acid and benzotriazole. LaMn₄Oₓ, with LaMnO₃-δ as the dominant crystal phase, demonstrated superior catalytic activity to Mn₂O₃ and LaMnO₃ synthesized from citric acid sol-gel method. Temperature-programmed desorption of NH₃ (NH₃-TPD) and pyridine-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (pyridine-FTIR) tests proved Lewis acid as the main acid type. Temperature-programmed reduction of H₂ (H₂-TPR), O₂-TPD and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis indicated the presence of oxygen vacancies and mixed valences of Mn in the crystal structure facilitated the catalytic process. Moreover, the content of oxygen vacancy was calculated by iodometric titration method. With the aid of theoretical calculations, oxygen vacancies were found to exhibit a strong affinity toward ozone adsorption, where ozone molecules spontaneously dissociated into reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as O₂ ·− and ¹O₂. The B site of Mn facilitated ozone decomposition by extending the O–O bond of ozone due to the electron transfer from Mn³⁺/Mn⁴⁺ redox cycle. In-situ EPR and quenching tests confirmed the contribution of O₂ ·− and ¹O₂ in benzotriazole degradation along with ·OH. This study stepped further to unveil the ozone adsorption/decomposition and ROS generation on nanoscale perovskite-based composites.
Keywords: Perovskites; catalytic ozonation; oxygen vacancies; density functional theory; reactive oxygen species
Rights: © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2019.01.025
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