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|Title:||Outcomes following heart failure hospitalization in a regional Australian setting between 2005 and 2014|
|Citation:||ESC Heart Failure, 2018; 5(2):271-278|
|Publisher:||Wiley Open Access|
|Mohammed S. Al-Omary, Arshad A. Khan, Allan J. Davies, Peter J. Fletcher, Dawn Mcivor, Bruce Bastian, Christopher Oldmeadow, Aaron L. Sverdlov, John R. Attia, and Andrew J. Boyle|
|Abstract:||Aims: The aim of the current study is to examine 10 year trends in mortality and readmission following heart failure (HF) hospitalization in metropolitan and regional Australian settings. Methods and Results: We identified all index HF hospitalizations in the Hunter New England region from 2005 to 2014, using a 10 year 'look back' period. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause mortality or all-cause readmission at 1 year. Secondary endpoints included all-cause mortality, all-cause readmission, and HF readmission at 30 days and 1 year. We used logistic regression to explore the predictors of the composite outcome of either all-cause death or readmission at 1 year. There were 12 114 patients admitted with a first episode of HF between 2005 and 2014, followed up until death or the end of 2015. The mean age was 78 ± 12 years and 49% (n = 5906) were male. A total of 4831 (40%) resided in regional areas and the remainder in metropolitan areas. One hundred sixty-eight patients (1.4%) were Aboriginal. Approximately 69% of patients had either died or been readmitted for any cause within 12 months of their index event. The 30 day and 1 year all-cause mortality rates were 13% and 32%, respectively, with no change in the trend over the study period. Age, socio-economic disadvantage, ischaemic heart disease, renal failure, and chronic lower respiratory disease were predictors of the primary endpoint. Conclusions: Heart failure hospitalizations are followed by high rates of death or readmission. There was no change in this composite endpoint over the 10 year study period.|
|Keywords:||Heart failure; mortality; readmission; Australia|
|Rights:||© 2017 The Authors ESC Heart Failure published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of European Society of Cardiology. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.|
|Appears in Collections:||Aurora harvest 8|
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