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Type: Journal article
Title: Ancient genome-wide DNA from France highlights the complexity of interactions between Mesolithic hunter-gatherers and Neolithic farmers
Author: Rivollat, M.
Jeong, C.
Schiffels, S.
Küçükkalıpçı, İ.
Pemonge, M.-.H.
Rohrlach, A.B.
Alt, K.W.
Binder, D.
Friederich, S.
Ghesquière, E.
Gronenborn, D.
Laporte, L.
Lefranc, P.
Meller, H.
Réveillas, H.
Rosenstock, E.
Rottier, S.
Scarre, C.
Soler, L.
Wahl, J.
et al.
Citation: Science Advances, 2020; 6(22):eaaz5344-1-eaaz5344-16
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Issue Date: 2020
ISSN: 2375-2548
Statement of
Maïté Rivollat, Choongwon Jeong, Stephan Schiffels, İşil Küçükkalıpçı, Marie-Hélène Pemonge, Adam Benjamin Rohrlach, Kurt W. Alt, Didier Binder, Susanne Friederich, Emmanuel Ghesquière, Detlef Gronenborn, Luc Laporte, Philippe Lefranc, Harald Meller, Hélène Réveillas, Eva Rosenstock, Stéphane Rottier, Chris Scarre, Ludovic Soler, Joachim Wahl, Johannes Krause, Marie-France Deguilloux, Wolfgang Haak
Abstract: Starting from 12,000 years ago in the Middle East, the Neolithic lifestyle spread across Europe via separate continental and Mediterranean routes. Genomes from early European farmers have shown a clear Near Eastern/Anatolian genetic affinity with limited contribution from hunter-gatherers. However, no genomic data are available from modern-day France, where both routes converged, as evidenced by a mosaic cultural pattern. Here, we present genome-wide data from 101 individuals from 12 sites covering today's France and Germany from the Mesolithic (N = 3) to the Neolithic (N = 98) (7000-3000 BCE). Using the genetic substructure observed in European hunter-gatherers, we characterize diverse patterns of admixture in different regions, consistent with both routes of expansion. Early western European farmers show a higher proportion of distinctly western hunter-gatherer ancestry compared to central/southeastern farmers. Our data highlight the complexity of the biological interactions during the Neolithic expansion by revealing major regional variations.
Description: Published 29 May 2020
Rights: Copyright © 2020 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works. Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 4.0 (CC BY-NC).
RMID: 1000022265
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaz5344
Appears in Collections:Mathematical Sciences publications

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