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Type: Journal article
Title: Stable and highly efficient hydrogen evolution from seawater enabled by an unsaturated nickel surface nitride
Author: Jin, H.
Wang, X.
Tang, C.
Vasileff, A.
Li, L.
Slattery, A.
Qiao, S.-Z.
Citation: Advanced Materials, 2021; 33(13):1-8
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: 2021
ISSN: 0935-9648
Statement of
Huanyu Jin, Xuesi Wang, Cheng Tang, Anthony Vasileff, Laiquan Li, Ashley Slattery, and Shi-Zhang Qiao
Abstract: Electrocatalytic production of hydrogen from seawater provides a route to low-cost and clean energy conversion. However, the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) using seawater is greatly hindered by the lack of active and stable catalysts. Herein, an unsaturated nickel surface nitride (Ni-SN@C) catalyst that is active and stable for the HER in alkaline seawater is prepared. It achieves a low overpotential of 23 mV at a current density of 10 mA cm⁻² in alkaline seawater electrolyte, which is superior to Pt/C. Compared to conventional transition metal nitrides or metal/metal nitride heterostructures, the Ni-SN@C has no detectable bulk nickel nitride phase. Instead, unsaturated Ni–N bonding on the surface is present. In situ Raman measurements show that the Ni-SN@C performs like Pt with the ability to generate hydronium ions in a high-pH electrolyte. The catalyst operation is then demonstrated in a two-electrode electrolyzer system, coupling with hydrazine oxidation at the anode. Using this system, a cell voltage of only 0.7 V is required to achieve a current density of 1 A cm⁻².
Keywords: Electrocatalysis; hydrogen evolution; in situ Raman spectroscopy hydrazine oxidation; nickel surface nitride; seawater
Rights: © 2021 Wiley-VCH GmbH
DOI: 10.1002/adma.202007508
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