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Type: Journal article
Title: High-risk human papillomavirus–related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma among non-indigenous and indigenous populations: a systematic review
Author: Ju, X.
Canfell, K.
Smith, M.
Sethi, S.
Garvey, G.
Hedges, J.
Logan, R.M.
Antonsson, A.
Jamieson, L.M.
Citation: Otolaryngology, 2020; 165(1):23-32
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Issue Date: 2020
ISSN: 0194-5998
Statement of
Xiangqun Ju, Karen Canfell, Megan Smith, Sneha Sethi, Gail Garvey, Joanne Hedges ... et al.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE:To estimate the prevalence of oral high-risk human papillomavirus (hr-HPV) infection and the proportion of hr-HPV-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) among Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations. DATA SOURCE:Electronic database searches of PubMed, PubMed Central, Embase, MEDLINE, Scope, and Google Scholar were conducted for articles published from January 2000 until November 2019. REVIEW METHODS:Studies were included with a minimum of 100 cases assessing hr-HPV infection in either population samples or oropharyngeal cancer tumor series. The objective was to conduct meta-analyses to calculate the pooled prevalence of oral hr-HPV infection by adjusting for age group or sex in primary studies, the incidence of OPSCC, and the proportion of hr-HPV-related OPSCC in Indigenous people and non-Indigenous/general populations. RESULTS:We identified 47 eligible studies from 157 articles for meta-analyses. The pooled prevalence of oral hr-HPV infection was 7.494% (95% CI, 5.699%-9.289%) in a general population, with a higher prevalence among men (10.651%) than women (5.176%). The pooled incidence rate was 13.395 (95% CI, 9.315-17.475) and 7.206 (95% CI, 4.961-9.450) per 100,000 person-years in Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations, respectively. The overall pooled proportion of hr-HPV-related OPSCC was 50.812% (95 CI, 41.656%-59.969%). The highest proportion was in North America (60.221%), while the lowest proportion was in the Asia-Pacific (34.246%). CONCLUSION:Our findings suggest that in the general population, the prevalence of oral hr-HPV infection is lower among females and those in younger age groups. The incidence of OPSCC was higher among Indigenous than non-Indigenous populations, with the proportion being highest in North America.
Keywords: Indigenous
high-risk human papillomavirus (hr-HPV)
oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC)
Rights: Copyright status unknown
DOI: 10.1177/0194599820975042
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