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Type: Journal article
Title: Outcomes for head and neck cancer patients admitted to intensive care in Australia and New Zealand between 2000 and 2016
Author: Frauenfelder, C.A.
Raith, E.P.
Krishnan, S.
Udy, A.
Pilcher, D.
Citation: Journal of Laryngology and Otology, 2021; 135(8):702-709
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Issue Date: 2021
ISSN: 0022-2151
Statement of
CA Frauenfelder, EP Raith, S Krishnan, A Udy and D Pilcher
Abstract: Objective: To report intensive care unit admission outcomes for head and neck cancer patients. Methods: A retrospective, observational cohort analysis of all Australian and New Zealander head and neck cancer patient intensive care unit admissions from January 2000 to June 2016, including data from 192 intensive care units. Results: There were 10 721 head and neck cancer patients, with a median age of 64 years (71.6 per cent male). Of admissions, 76.4 per cent were in public hospitals, 96.9 per cent were post-operative and 43.6 per cent required mechanical ventilation. Annual head and neck cancer admissions increased from 2000 to 2015 (from 348 to 1132 patients), but the overall proportion of intensive care unit admissions remained constant. In-hospital mortality was 2.7 per cent, and intensive care unit mortality was 0.7 per cent. The in-hospital mortality risk decreased three-fold (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Head and neck cancer patients had low mortality in the intensive care unit and in hospital. Risk of dying decreased despite more intensive care unit admissions. This is the first large-scale cohort study quantifying intensive care unit utilisation by head and neck cancer patients. It informs future work investigating alternatives to the intensive care unit for these patients.
Keywords: Critical care outcomes; delivery of health care; head and neck neoplasms; hospital mortality
Rights: © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press
DOI: 10.1017/S0022215121001602
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Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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