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Type: Journal article
Title: Effects of small intestinal and gastric glucose administration on the suppression of plasma ghrelin concentrations in healthy older men and women
Author: Parker, B.
Doran, S.
Wishart, J.
Horowitz, M.
Chapman, I.
Citation: Clinical Endocrinology, 2005; 62(5):539-546
Publisher: Blackwell Science Ltd
Issue Date: 2005
ISSN: 0300-0664
Statement of
Barbara A. Parker, Selena Doran, Judith Wishart, Michael Horowitz and Ian M. Chapman
Abstract: <h4>Objective</h4>Ghrelin is a peptide hormone secreted primarily from the gastric mucosa. It plays a role in energy balance by stimulating appetite, thereby increasing food intake and enhancing weight gain and fat mass deposition. Plasma ghrelin concentrations increase with fasting and are suppressed by nutrient intake. The aim of this study was to examine in humans the relative contributions of small intestinal and gastric nutrient exposure to postprandial suppression of ghrelin, to determine whether gastric exposure is necessary for ghrelin suppression.<h4>Patients</h4>Twelve healthy older (age range 65-85 years) men (n = 7) and women (n = 5) were studied.<h4>Design</h4>On three separate days, equivolaemic (315 ml) intragastric (IG) and intraduodenal (ID) carbohydrate solutions (both 300 kcal) or intragastric water (control) were infused over 150 min.<h4>Measurements</h4>Food intake was quantified at a buffet meal offered immediately following each 150-min infusion. Blood ghrelin, cholecystokinin and glucose concentrations were measured.<h4>Results</h4>There was a 25% suppression of mean plasma ghrelin concentrations following ID glucose (ID 2016 vs. control 2686 ng/l, P < 0.0001) and a 19% suppression following IG glucose (IG 2181 vs. control 2686 ng/l, P < 0.0001), with ghrelin concentrations slightly (7.6%) and nonsignificantly lower after ID than after IG glucose infusions (P = 0.2). There was no difference between the treatments for the amount of food consumed at the buffet meal (P = 0.88).<h4>Conclusions</h4>Although the primary source of ghrelin is the gastric mucosa, these results suggest that small intestinal nutrient exposure is sufficient for food-induced plasma ghrelin suppression in humans, and that gastric nutrient exposure is not necessary for suppression.
Keywords: Duodenum
Gastric Mucosa
Peptide Hormones
Blood Glucose
Drug Administration Schedule
Analysis of Variance
Energy Intake
Intestinal Absorption
Depression, Chemical
Aged, 80 and over
Description: The definitive version is available at
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2265.2005.02254.x
Published version:
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