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Type: Journal article
Title: Rise and fall of the Beringian steppe bison
Author: Shapiro, B.
Drummond, A.
Rambaut, A.
Wilson, M.
Matheus, P.
Sher, A.
Pybus, O.
Gilbert, M.
Barnes, I.
Binladen, J.
Willerslev, E.
Hansen, A.
Baryshnikov, G.
Burns, J.
Davydov, S.
Driver, J.
Froese, D.
Harington, C.
Keddie, G.
Kosintsev, P.
et al.
Citation: Science, 2004; 306(5701):1561-1565
Publisher: Amer Assoc Advancement Science
Issue Date: 2004
ISSN: 0036-8075
Statement of
Beth Shapiro, Alexei J. Drummond, Andrew Rambaut, Michael C. Wilson, Paul E. Matheus, Andrei V. Sher, Oliver G. Pybus, M. Thomas P. Gilbert, Ian Barnes, Jonas Binladen, Eske Willerslev, Anders J. Hansen, Gennady F. Baryshnikov, James A. Burns, Sergei Davydov, Jonathan C. Driver, Duane G. Froese, C. Richard Harington, Grant Keddie, Pavel Kosintsev, Michael L. Kunz, Larry D. Martin, Robert O. Stephenson, John Storer, Richard Tedford, Sergei Zimov, and Alan Cooper
Abstract: The widespread extinctions of large mammals at the end of the Pleistocene epoch have often been attributed to the depredations of humans; here we present genetic evidence that questions this assumption. We used ancient DNA and Bayesian techniques to reconstruct a detailed genetic history of bison throughout the late Pleistocene and Holocene epochs. Our analyses depict a large diverse population living throughout Beringia until around 37,000 years before the present, when the population's genetic diversity began to decline dramatically. The timing of this decline correlates with environmental changes associated with the onset of the last glacial cycle, whereas archaeological evidence does not support the presence of large populations of humans in Eastern Beringia until more than 15,000 years later.
Keywords: Animals
DNA, Mitochondrial
Bayes Theorem
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Genetics, Population
Population Dynamics
Human Activities
North America
Genetic Variation
Description: Copyright © 2004 by the American Association for the Advancement of Science
DOI: 10.1126/science.1101074
Published version:
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest
Australian Centre for Ancient DNA publications
Earth and Environmental Sciences publications
Environment Institute Leaders publications

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