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|Title:||Detection and quantification of Erysiphe necator DNA in wine grapes and resultant must and juice|
|Citation:||Mycological Research, 2006; 110(10):1184-1192|
|Publisher:||Cambridge Univ Press|
|Belinda E. Stummer, Timothy Zanker, Paul R. Harvey and Eileen S. Scott|
|Abstract:||Powdery mildew of grapevines is difficult to assess visually at the weighbridge, particularly in large consignments of machine-harvested fruit. To facilitate accurate methods for the detection and quantification of the disease in grape samples obtained from both the vineyard and winery, we developed a DNA probe for the pathogen Erysiphe necator. The E. necator-specific 450 bp DNA fragment pEnA1, targets highly repetitive sequences and was isolated from a partial genomic library. In screening for species specificity, clone pEnA1 was used in slot-blot hybridization and detected E. necator DNA from grapes and resultant must and juice, but not from clarified juice and wine. The detection threshold was approximately 50 pg ofE. necator DNA per 100 ng total DNA of grape sample and was equivalent to 1–5 % of a grape bunch visually affected by powdery mildew. Disease severity, expressed as the percentage of surface area of a bunch with powdery mildew, and E. necator DNA content were highly correlated, r² = 0.955, P < 0.001. The DNA-based hybridization assay has the potential to predict the severity of powdery mildew in grape samples from the vineyard and in must and juice samples at the winery. The DNA sequence of clone pEnA1 was used to design species-specific primers, the results maintaining the same specificity patterns observed in the initial hybridization assays. The PCR-based assay was sensitive enough to detect approximately 1 pg DNA, being equivalent to 1 conidium per sample. This is the first report to date of the detection of all known phenetic groups of E. necator DNA and of the quantification of DNA from grape samples at the winery. Accurate information on the extent of powdery mildew contamination of grape lots would enable wineries to make more informed decisions about the use of fruit and must.|
|Keywords:||DNA hybridization; grapevine; molecular detection; polymerase chain; powdery mildew; winery|
|Appears in Collections:||Agriculture, Food and Wine publications|
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