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Type: Journal article
Title: The genetic origins of the Andaman Islanders
Author: Endicott, P.
Gilbert, M.
Stringer, C.
Willerslev, E.
Lalueza-Fox, C.
Hansen, A.
Cooper, A.
Citation: American Journal of Human Genetics, 2003; 72(1):178-184
Publisher: Univ Chicago Press
Issue Date: 2003
ISSN: 0002-9297
Statement of
Phillip Endicott, M. Thomas P. Gilbert, Chris Stringer, Carles Lalueza‐Fox, Eske Willerslev, Anders J. Hansen, and Alan Cooper
Abstract: Mitochondrial sequences were retrieved from museum specimens of the enigmatic Andaman Islanders to analyze their evolutionary history. D-loop and protein-coding data reveal that phenotypic similarities with African pygmoid groups are convergent. Genetic and epigenetic data are interpreted as favoring the long-term isolation of the Andamanese, extensive population substructure, and/or two temporally distinct settlements. An early colonization featured populations bearing mtDNA lineage M2, and this lineage is hypothesized to represent the phylogenetic signal of an early southern movement of humans through Asia. The results demonstrate that Victorian anthropological collections can be used to study extinct, or seriously admixed populations, to provide new data about early human origins.
Keywords: Humans; DNA, Mitochondrial; Anthropology; Emigration and Immigration; Phylogeny; Haplotypes; Time Factors; Museums; Molecular Sequence Data; Asia; Asia, Southeastern; India
Description: © 2003 by The American Society of Human Genetics. All rights reserved.
RMID: 0020071356
DOI: 10.1086/345487
Appears in Collections:Earth and Environmental Sciences publications
Environment Institute Leaders publications

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