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|Title:||In vivo synchrotron study of thallium speciation and compartmentation in Iberis intermedia|
|Citation:||Environmental Science & Technology, 2004; 38(19):5095-5100|
|Publisher:||Amer Chemical Soc|
|Kirk G. Scheckel, Enzo Lombi, Steven A. Rock, and Mike J. McLaughlin|
|Abstract:||Thallium (Tl) is a metal of great toxicological concern and its prevalence in the natural environment has steadily increased as a result of manufacturing and combustion practices. Due to its low natural abundance and increasing demand, Tl is the fourth most expensive metal, thus, recovery and reuse could be a profitable endeavor. The hyperaccumulator Iberis intermedia was examined via in vivo micro-X-ray absorption near edge (-XANES) and micro-X-ray fluorescence (-XRF) spectroscopies to determine the speciation and distribution of Tl within leaves of the plant. I. intermedia plants were cultivated under controlled conditions in 0, 10, and 20 mg Tl kg-1 soil leading to a shoot concentration of up to 13 430 mg Tl kg-1 dry weight plant mass during 10 weeks of growth. Live plant leaves were examined by -XANES and -XRF which determined aqueous Tl(I) to be the model species distributed primarily throughout the vascular network. A direct relationship of vein size to Tl concentration was observed. The high uptake of Tl and high potential biomass of I. intermedia, combined with knowledge of Tl speciation and compartmentation within the plant, are discussed in terms of accumulation/tolerance mechanisms, consequences for potential food chain contamination, and phytomining strategies to reclaim Tl-contaminated soils, sediments, and waters.|
|Keywords:||Brassicaceae; Thallium; Soil Pollutants; Spectrometry, X-Ray Emission; Conservation of Natural Resources; Biomass; Synchrotrons; Biodegradation, Environmental|
|Description:||Copyright © 2004 American Chemical Society|
|Appears in Collections:||Earth and Environmental Sciences publications|
Environment Institute publications
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