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Type: Journal article
Title: The deleterious effects of hyperglycemia on platelet function in diabetic patients with acute coronary syndromes - Mediation by superoxide production resolution with intensive insulin administration
Author: Worthley, M.
Holmes, A.
Willoughby, S.
Kucia, A.
Heresztyn, T.
Stewart, S.
Chirkov, Y.
Zeitz, C.
Horowitz, J.
Citation: Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 2007; 49(3):304-310
Publisher: Elsevier Science Inc
Issue Date: 2007
ISSN: 0735-1097
Statement of
Matthew I. Worthley, Andrew S. Holmes, Scott R. Willoughby, Angela M. Kucia, Tamila Heresztyn, Simon Stewart, Yuliy Y. Chirkov, Christopher J. Zeitz, and John D. Horowitz
Abstract: <h4>Objectives</h4>This study sought to assess the determinants of platelet nitric oxide (NO) responsiveness in diabetic patients admitted with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and the short-term effects of aggressive glycemic control on these factors.<h4>Background</h4>Hyperglycemia is an independent risk factor for mortality in both diabetic patients and nondiabetic patients with ACS. The mechanism(s) underlying this observation and potential benefit from its correction remain uncertain. Although a reduction in NO bioavailability has been proposed, this remains untested in the ACS setting.<h4>Methods</h4>A total of 76 diabetic patients with ACS were studied. Putative correlations between admission blood sugar level (BSL), inhibition of platelet aggregation by the NO donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP), and superoxide (O2-) were assessed. Hyperglycemic patients (n = 60) were randomized to acute glycemic control with intravenous versus subcutaneous insulin, and changes in the aforementioned parameters were compared. Plasma levels of the endogenous inhibitor of NO synthase asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) were also monitored.<h4>Results</h4>There was an inverse correlation between admission BSL and both platelet SNP response (p = 0.007) and ADMA levels (p = 0.045), and a positive correlation with O2- generation (p < 0.001). Intravenous insulin infusion resulted in a greater reduction (p < 0.001) in BSL, differentially improved platelet responsiveness to SNP (p = 0.049), and decreased O2- (p < 0.001) and ADMA levels (p = 0.049).<h4>Conclusions</h4>A component of platelet dysfunction in diabetic patients with ACS is impaired responsiveness to the anti-aggregatory effects of NO, probably reflecting increased NO clearance by O2-. This phenomenon is reversed by acute aggressive glycemic control. These findings provide a further rationale for use of insulin therapy in acute myocardial infarction and suggest its extension to ACS patients.
Keywords: Humans
Myocardial Infarction
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Nitric Oxide
Blood Glucose
Nitric Oxide Donors
Treatment Outcome
Infusions, Intravenous
Injections, Subcutaneous
Multivariate Analysis
Confidence Intervals
Follow-Up Studies
Biological Availability
Platelet Activation
Aged, 80 and over
Middle Aged
Description: © 2007 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation
DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2006.08.053
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