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Type: Journal article
Title: Search for gravitational wave radiation associated with the pulsating tail of the SGR 1806 20 hyperflare of 27 December 2004 using LIGO
Author: Abbott, B.
Abbott, R.
Adhikari, R.
Agresti, J.
Ajith, P.
Allen, B.
Amin, R.
Anderson, S.
Anderson, W.
Arain, M.
Araya, M.
Armandula, H.
Ashley, M.
Aston, S.
Aufmuth, P.
Aulbert, C.
Babak, S.
Ballmer, S.
Bantilan, H.
Barish, B.
et al.
Citation: Physical Review. D. Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, 2007; 76(6):062003-01-062003-12
Publisher: American Physical Soc
Issue Date: 2007
ISSN: 1550-7998
Statement of
B. Abbott...D. Hosken...D. Mudge...J. Munch...P. al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration)
Abstract: We have searched for Gravitational Waves (GWs) associated with the SGR 1806-20 hyperflare of 27 December 2004. This event, originating from a Galactic neutron star, displayed exceptional energetics. Recent investigations of the X-ray light curve's pulsating tail revealed the presence of Quasi-Periodic Oscillations (QPOs) in the 30 - 2000 Hz frequency range, most of which coincides with the bandwidth of the LIGO detectors. These QPOs, with well-characterized frequencies, can plausibly be attributed to seismic modes of the neutron star which could emit GWs. Our search targeted potential quasi-monochromatic GWs lasting for tens of seconds and emitted at the QPO frequencies. We have observed no candidate signals above a pre-determined threshold and our lowest upper limit was set by the 92.5 Hz QPO observed in the interval from 150 s to 260 s after the start of the flare. This bound corresponds to a (90% confidence) root-sum-squared amplitude h_rssdet^90% = 4.5e-22 strain Hz^-1/2 on the GW waveform strength in the detectable polarization state reaching our Hanford (WA) 4 km detector. We illustrate the astrophysical significance of the result via an estimated characteristic energy in GW emission that we would expect to be able to detect. The above result corresponds to 7.7e46 erg (= 4.3e-8 M_sun c^2), which is of the same order as the total (isotropic) energy emitted in the electromagnetic spectrum. This result provides a means to probe the energy reservoir of the source with the best upper limit on the GW waveform strength published and represents the first broadband asteroseismology measurement using a GW detector.
Rights: ©2007 American Physical Society
RMID: 0020073236
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.76.062003
Appears in Collections:Chemistry and Physics publications
Environment Institute publications

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