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Type: Journal article
Title: Comparative phylogeography reveals host generalists specialists and cryptic diversity: Hexabothriid microbothriid and monocotylid monogeneans from rhinobatid rays in southern Australia
Author: Glennon, V.
Perkins, E.
Chisholm, L.
Whittington, I.
Citation: International Journal for Parasitology, 2008; 38(13):1599-1612
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Issue Date: 2008
ISSN: 0020-7519
Abstract: The phylogeography and host specificity of three monogenean species infecting different sites on the southern fiddler ray, Trygonorrhina fasciata (Rhinobatidae) in South Australia (SA) were studied: Branchotenthes octohamatus (Hexabothriidae: gills), Calicotyle australis (Monocotylidae: cloaca) and Pseudoleptobothrium aptychotremae (Microbothriidae: skin). Five rhinobatid species (Aptychotrema vincentiana, T. fasciata, Trygonorrhina sp. A, Aptychotrema rostrata and Rhinobatos typus) with distributions spanning west, south and east Australian coastal waters, were surveyed for monogeneans resembling the three species documented from T. fasciata in SA. The identities of hosts and parasites collected were investigated using the mitochondrial genes ND4 and Cytochrome b (cytb), respectively, in addition to the nuclear marker, Elongation factor 1-alpha (EF1a) for Pseudoleptobothrium. Genetic analyses confirmed that B. octohamatus is geographically widespread and displays little genetic structure, suggesting high levels of gene flow. It was collected from four rhinobatid species throughout its distribution and is not, therefore, host specific. For C. australis, genetic analyses revealed two discrete populations with a genetic divergence of approximately 4%, one population occurring west of Bass Strait on two sympatric host species and the other population on the east coast, also occurring on sympatric host species. Similarly, for Pseudoleptobothrium, specimens collected west of Bass Strait were genetically distinct ( approximately 3.5%) from those collected to the east. However, on the east coast, a third Pseudoleptobothrium population was revealed, separated by a genetic distance of >11%, indicating a morphologically cryptic species. Host preferences were indicated for each Pseudoleptobothrium lineage. These genetic discoveries are discussed in relation to life history characteristics of each monogenean species, highlighting the value of phylogeographic analyses to understand the parasite-host relationship.
Keywords: Monogenea; Rhinobatidae; Cryptic diversity; Host specificity; Phylogeography; Cytochrome b; Elongation factor 1-alpha; ND4
Description: Copyright © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.
RMID: 0020083192
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpara.2008.05.017
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Appears in Collections:Earth and Environmental Sciences publications
Environment Institute publications

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