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Type: Journal article
Title: Fasting ghrelin is related to skeletal muscle mass in healthy adults
Author: Tai, K.
Visvanathan, R.
Hammond, A.
Wishart, J.
Horowitz, M.
Chapman, I.
Citation: European Journal of Nutrition, 2009; 48(3):176-183
Publisher: Dr Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag
Issue Date: 2009
ISSN: 1436-6207
Statement of
Kamilia Tai, Renuka Visvanathan, Angela J. Hammond, Judith M. Wishart, Michael Horowitz and Ian M. Chapman
Abstract: Background/Objectives The determinants of plasma ghrelin concentrations including the effects of aging, gender, and body composition, are unclear. Appetite and energy intake decrease with advancing age, and there is a corresponding decline in total body lean tissue, and an increase in fat mass. Methods We measured fasting plasma ghrelin and insulin concentrations in 52 healthy subjects aged 22–82 years, and assessed body composition by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Energy intake was estimated from diet diaries. Results Fasting ghrelin concentrations were not significantly correlated with age and energy intake (R = 0.07, P = 0.62; and R = −0.14, P = 0.34 respectively) on univariate regression analysis, and ghrelin concentrations were higher in females than males (2886.8 ± 182.1 pg/ml vs 2082.5 ± 121.2 pg/ml; P = 0.001). Ghrelin was inversely related to body mass index (R = −0.328, P = 0.018), fat-free body mass (R = −0.428, P = 0.002), and total skeletal muscle mass (R = −0.439, P = 0.001), but not related to body fat mass (R = 0.177, P = 0.208). On multiple regression analysis, total skeletal muscle mass (corrected for height) was the only significant negative predictor (P < 0.0001) of fasting ghrelin concentrations. Conclusions In conclusion, in healthy adults, plasma ghrelin concentrations are not significantly influenced by age or energy intake per se, but relate to skeletal muscle mass.
Keywords: ghrelin
body composition
skeletal muscle mass
food intake
Description: Published online: 6 February 2009
Rights: © 2009 Springer, Part of Springer Science+Business Media
DOI: 10.1007/s00394-009-0779-2
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